Appalachian elktoe - Alasmidonta raveneliana - The main stem of the Little River (French Broad River system), from the Cascade Lake Power Plant, downstream to its confluence with the French Broad River. Within these areas, the primary constituent elements include: (i) Permanent, flowing, cool, clean water; (ii)Geomorphically stable stream channels and banks; (iii)Pool, riffle, and run sequences within the channel; (iv)Stable sand, gravel, cobble, boulder, and bedrock substrates with no more than low amounts of fine sediment; (v)Moderate to high stream gradient; (vi)Periodic natural flooding; and (vii)Fish hosts, with adequate living, foraging, and spawning areas for them.
Federal Register Reference: September 27, 2002, Federal Register, 67:61016-61040.
|Common Name||Scientific name||Federal Status||Record Status|
|Appalachian Bewick's wren||Thryomanes bewickii altus||FSC||Historic|
|Appalachian cottontail||Sylvilagus obscurus||FSC||Current|
|Bog turtle||Glyptemys muhlenbergii||T (S/A)||Current|
|Carolina northern flying squirrel||Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus||E||Current|
|Cerulean warbler||Dendroica cerulea||FSC||Current|
|Gray bat||Myotis grisescens||E||Current|
|Green salamander||Aneides aeneus||ARS||Current|
|Northern long-eared bat||Myotis septentrionalis||T||Current|
|Northern saw-whet owl (Southern Appalachian population)||Aegolius acadicus pop. 1||FSC||Current|
|Pygmy salamander||Desmognathus wrighti||FSC||Current|
|Rafinesque's big-eared bat||Corynorhinus rafinesquii||FSC||Historic|
|Red crossbill (Southern Appalachian)||Loxia curvirostra||FSC||Current|
|Southern Appalachian black-capped chickadee||Poecile atricapillus practicus||FSC||Current|
|Yellow-bellied sapsucker (Southern Appalachian population)||Sphyrapicus varius appalachiensis||FSC||Current|
|Appalachian elktoe||Alasmidonta raveneliana||E||Current|
|French Broad crayfish||Cambarus reburrus||FSC||Current|
|Grizzled skipper||Pyrgus wyandot||FSC||Historic|
|Margarita River skimmer||Macromia margarita||ARS||Historic|
|Rusty-patched bumble bee||Bombus affinis||E||Historic|
|Tennessee clubshell||Pleurobema oviforme||FSC||Current|
|Transylvania crayfish ostracod||Waltoncythere acuta||FSC||Historic|
|Balsam mountain gentian||Gentiana latidens||FSC||Current|
|Carolina Hemlock||Tsuga caroliniana||ARS||Current|
|Divided-leaf Ragwort||Packera millefolium||FSC||Current|
|Fort Mountain Sedge||Carex amplisquama||FSC||Current|
|Fraser fir||Abies fraseri||FSC||Current|
|Fraser's loosestrife||Lysimachia fraseri||FSC||Current|
|French Broad heartleaf||Hexastylis rhombiformis||FSC||Current|
|Gorge Filmy Fern||Hymenophyllum tayloriae||FSC||Current|
|Granite dome goldenrod||Solidago simulans||FSC||Current|
|Lobed Barren-strawberry||Geum lobatum||FSC||Current|
|Mountain sweet pitcherplant||Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii||E||Current|
|Radford's Sedge||Carex radfordii||FSC||Current|
|Small whorled pogonia||Isotria medeoloides||T||Current|
|Smoky Mountains manna grass||Glyceria nubigena||FSC||Current|
|Southern Appalachian Purple Pitcherplant||Sarracenia purpurea var. montana||ARS||Current|
|Southern Oconee-bells||Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia||FSC||Current|
|Spreading avens||Geum radiatum||E||Current|
|Swamp pink||Helonias bullata||T||Current|
|Virginia spiraea||Spiraea virginiana||T||Current|
|a hornwort||Aspiromitus appalachianus||FSC||Historic|
|a liverwort||Plagiochila cuduciloba||FSC||Current|
|a liverwort||Plagiochila sharpii||ARS||Current|
|a liverwort||Plagiochila sullivantii var. spinigera||FSC||Current|
|a liverwort||Plagiochila sullivantii var. sullivantii||FSC||Current|
|a liverwort||Plagiochila virginica var. caroliniana||FSC||Historic|
|a liverwort||Porella wataugensis||FSC||Current|
|Rock gnome lichen||Gymnoderma lineare||E||Current|
|Worthy Shield Lichen||Canoparmelia amabilis||FSC||Current|
Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
ARS = At Risk Species. Species that are Petitioned, Candidates or Proposed for Listing under the Endangered Species Act. Consultation under Section 7(a)(2) of the ESA is not required for Candidate or Proposed species; although a Conference, as described under Section 7(a)(4) of the ESA is recommended for actions affecting species proposed for listing.
FSC=Federal Species of Concern. FSC is an informal term. It is not defined in the federal Endangered Species Act. In North Carolina, the Asheville and Raleigh Field Offices of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) define Federal Species of Concern as those species that appear to be in decline or otherwise in need of conservation and are under consideration for listing or for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time.Subsumed under the term "FSC" are all species petitioned by outside parties and other selected focal species identified in Service strategic plans, State Wildlife Action Plans, or Natural Heritage Program Lists.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.
Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):
In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/baldeagle.htm
Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):
In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.
Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.