Endangered Species, Threatened Species,Federal Species of Concern, and Candidate Species,

Columbus County, North Carolina

Note:Marine Threatened and Endangered Species information can be found at the National Marine Fiseries Service (NMFS) Endangered and Threatened Species website

Updated: 3-9-2015

Critical Habitat Designations:

Waccamaw silverside - Menidia extensa - Lake Waccamaw in its entirety to mean high water level, and Big Creek from its mouth at Lake Waccamaw upstream approximately 0.6kilometer (0.4mile) to where the creek is crossed by County Road 1947. Constituent elements include high quality clear open water, with a neutral pH and clean substrate.
Federal Register Reference: April 8, 1987 Federal Register, 52: 11277-11286.

Common Name Scientific name Federal Status Record Status
American alligator Alligator mississippiensis T (S/A)Current
American eel Anguilla rostrata FSCCurrent
Bachman's sparrow Aimophila aestivalis FSCCurrent
Bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus BGPACurrent
Broadtail madtom Noturus sp. cf. leptacanthus FSCCurrent
Carolina gopher frog Rana capito capito FSCCurrent
Carolina pygmy sunfish Elassoma boehlkei FSCCurrent
Eastern Henslow's sparrow Ammodramus henslowii susurrans FSCCurrent
Mimic glass lizard Ophisaurus mimicus FSCHistoric
Rafinesque's big-eared bat Corynorhinus rafinesquii FSCHistoric
Red-cockaded woodpecker Picoides borealis ECurrent
Southeastern myotis Myotis austroriparius FSCCurrent
Waccamaw darter Etheostoma perlongum FSCCurrent
Waccamaw killifish Fundulus waccamensis FSCCurrent
Waccamaw silverside Menidia extensa TCurrent
Wood stork Mycteria americana TCurrent
Bronze clubtail Stylurus (=Gomphus) townesi FSCObscure
Cape Fear threetooth Triodopsis soelneri FSCHistoric
Savannah lilliput Toxolasma pullus FSCCurrent
Waccamaw fatmucket Lampsilis fullerkati FSCCurrent
Waccamaw spike Elliptio waccamawensis FSCCurrent
Yellow lampmussel Lampsilis cariosa FSCCurrent
Vascular Plant:
Carolina bogmint Macbridea caroliniana FSCCurrent
Carolina grass-of-parnassus Parnassia caroliniana FSCCurrent
Carolina lead-plant Amorpha georgiana var. confusa FSCCurrent
Cooley's meadowrue Thalictrum cooleyi ECurrent
Grassleaf arrowhead Sagittaria weatherbiana FSCCurrent
Harper's fimbristylis Fimbristylis perpusilla FSCCurrent
Large-leaved Grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia grandifolia FSCCurrent
Pineland plantain Plantago sparsiflora FSCCurrent
Raven's boxseed Ludwigia ravenii FSCCurrent
Rough-leaved loosestrife Lysimachia asperulaefolia EHistoric
Spring-flowering goldenrod Solidago verna FSCCurrent
Swamp forest beakrush Rhynchospora decurrens FSCCurrent
Venus' fly-trap Dionaea muscipula FSCCurrent
Wireleaf dropseed Sporobolus teretifolius sensu stricto FSCCurrent
Nonvascular Plant:

Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
FSC=Federal Species of Concern. FSC is an informal term. It is not defined in the federal Endangered Species Act. In North Carolina, the Asheville and Raleigh Field Offices of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) define Federal Species of Concern as those species that appear to be in decline or otherwise in need of conservation and are under consideration for listing or for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time.Subsumed under the term "FSC" are all species petitioned by outside parties and other selected focal species identified in Service strategic plans, State Wildlife Action Plans, or Natural Heritage Program Lists.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):

In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit

Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):

In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.

Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.