Endangered Species, Threatened Species,Federal Species of Concern, and Candidate Species,

Burke County, North Carolina

Updated: 7-24-2015

Critical Habitat Designations:

Mountain golden heather - Hudsonia montana - The area bounded by the following: on the west by the 2200' contour; on the east by the Linville Gorge Wilderness. Boundary north from the intersection of the 2200' contour and the Shortoff Mountain Trail to where it intersects the 3400' contour at ?The Chimneys?--then follow the 3400' contour north until it reintersects the Wilderness Boundary--then follow the Wilderness Boundary again northward until it intersects the 3200' contour extending west from its intersection with the Wilderness Boundary until it begins to turn south--at this point the Boundary extends due east until it intersects the 2200' contour.
Federal Register Reference: October 20, 1980, Federal Register, 45: 69360-69363.

Common Name Scientific name Federal Status Record Status
Allegheny woodrat Neotoma magister FSCCurrent
American eel Anguilla rostrata FSCCurrent
Bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus BGPACurrent
Bog turtle Glyptemys muhlenbergii T (S/A)Current
Northern long-eared bat Myotis septentrionalis TCurrent
Rafinesque's big-eared bat Corynorhinus rafinesquii FSCCurrent
Red crossbill (Southern Appalachian) Loxia curvirostra FSCCurrent
Southern Appalachian eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana haematoreia FSCCurrent
Brook floater Alasmidonta varicosa FSCCurrent
Cherokee clubtail Gomphus consanguis FSCObscure
Diana fritillary (butterfly) Speyeria diana FSCCurrent
Edmund's snaketail Ophiogomphus edmundo FSCCurrent
Margarita River skimmer Macromia margarita FSCCurrent
Midget snaketail Ophiogomphus howei FSCCurrent
Vascular Plant:
Butternut Juglans cinerea FSCCurrent
Cuthbert turtlehead Chelone cuthbertii FSCCurrent
Dwarf-flowered heartleaf Hexastylis naniflora TCurrent
Gray's saxifrage Saxifraga caroliniana FSCCurrent
Heller's blazing star Liatris helleri TCurrent
Mountain golden heather Hudsonia montana TCurrent
Small whorled pogonia Isotria medeoloides TCurrent
Spreading avens Geum radiatum EHistoric
Sweet pinesap Monotropsis odorata FSCCurrent
White irisette Sisyrinchium dichotomum ECurrent
Nonvascular Plant:
a liverwort Plagiochila sullivantii var. sullivantii FSCCurrent
a liverwort Porella wataugensis FSCCurrent
a liverwort Cephaloziella obtusilobula FSCHistoric
a liverwort Plagiochila sullivantii var. spinigera FSCHistoric
Rock gnome lichen Gymnoderma lineare ECurrent

Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
FSC=Federal Species of Concern. FSC is an informal term. It is not defined in the federal Endangered Species Act. In North Carolina, the Asheville and Raleigh Field Offices of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) define Federal Species of Concern as those species that appear to be in decline or otherwise in need of conservation and are under consideration for listing or for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time.Subsumed under the term "FSC" are all species petitioned by outside parties and other selected focal species identified in Service strategic plans, State Wildlife Action Plans, or Natural Heritage Program Lists.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):

In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/baldeagle.htm

Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):

In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.

Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.