Raleigh Ecological Services Field Office
Conserving the Nature of America


fish on a table, microscope and other instruments

In the lab assessing fish health. By FWS, 2013

2018 Publications

  • Augspurger T. 2018. Estimating protective potassium concentrations for freshwater mussels, a taxon of global conservation concern. Poster WE274 presented at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) 28th Annual Meeting, May 16, Rome.

  • Popp A, Cope WG, McGregor MA, Kwak TJ, Augspurger T, Levine JF, Koch L. 2018. Comparison of the chemical sensitivities between in vitro and in vivo propagated juvenile freshwater mussels: Implications for standard toxicity testingEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry [in press]

  • Drew CQ, Eddy M, Kwak TJ, Cope WG, Augspurger T. 2018. Hydrologic characteristics of freshwater mussel habitat: novel insights from modeled flows. Freshwater Science 37: 343-356.

2017 Publications

  • Popp A, Cope WG, McGregor M, Koch L,  Kwak TJ, Augspurger T, Levine JF. 2017. Is juvenile mussel chemical sensitivity influenced by propagation method and age? A comparison of in vitro and in vivo propagated juveniles. Presented at Society for Freshwater Science Annual Meeting, June 4, Raleigh, NC.

    Augspurger T, Moorman M, Stanton J. 2017. Submerged aquatic vegetation as an indicator and focus of risk assessment and management in a shallow hypereutrophic lake.  Poster WE245 presented at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Europe 27th Annual Meeting, May 10, Brussels, Belgium.

    Moorman MC, Augspurger T, Stanton JD, Smith A. 2017 Where's the Grass? Disappearing Submerged Aquatic Vegetation and Declining Water Quality in Lake MattamuskeetJournal of Fish and Wildlife Management 8: 401-417.

    Powell KW, Cope WG, LePrevost CE, Augspurger T, McCarthy AM, Shea D. 2017. A retrospective analysis of agricultural herbicides in surface water reveals risk plausibility for declines in submerged aquatic vegetationToxics5(3), 21.

    Wang N, Ivey CD, Ingersoll CG, Brumbaugh WG, Alavarez D, Hammer EJ, Bauer CR, Augspurger T, Raimondo S, Barnhart MC. 2017. Acute sensitivity of a broad range of freshwater mussels to chemicals with different modes of toxic action. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 36: 786–796. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.3642/epdf)

2016 Publications

  • Aguirre A, Beasley V, Augspurger T, Benson W, Whaley J, Basu N. 2016. “One Health”—Transdisciplinary opportunities for SETAC leadership in integrating and improving the health of people, animals and the environment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 35: 2383–2391. 


  • Raimondo S, Lilavois C, Lee L, Augspurger T, Wang N, Ingersoll C, Bauer C, Hammer E, Barron M. 2016. Assessing variability in chemical acute toxicity of unionid mussels: Influence of intra- and inter-laboratory testing, life stage, and species.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 35: 750-758. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.3245/full

2015 Publications

  • Hull RN, Luoma SN, Bayne BA, Iliff J, Larkin DJ, Paschke MW, Victor SL, Ward SE. 2015. Opportunities and challenges of integrating ecological restoration into assessment and management of contaminated ecosystems. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 12: 296-305. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ieam.1714/abstract

  • Smith DR, McRae SE, Augspurger T, Ratcliffe JA, Nichols RB, Eads CB, Savidge T, Bogan AE. 2015. Developing a conservation strategy to maximize persistence of an endangered freshwater mussel species while considering management effectiveness and cost. Freshwater Science 34: 1324-1339. http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/683121?journalCode=fws

2014 Publications

  • Ward S, Settelmyer S. 2014. Carbon sequestration benefits of peatland restoration: Attracting new partners to restore National Wildlife Refuge habitats. National Wetlands Newsletter 36 (1): 8-10.

2012 Publications

    • Hinck JE, Ingersoll CG, Wang N, McMurray SE, Roberts AD, Barnhart MC, Augspurger T. 2012. Spatial and temporal trends of freshwater mussel assemblages in the Meramec River Basin, Missouri, USA. J Fish Wildl Manage 3: 319-331. http://www.fwspubs.org/doi/abs/10.3996/052012-JFWM-038

2011 Publications

    • Hinck JE, Ingersoll CG, Wang N, Augspurger T, Barnhart MC, McMurray SE, Roberts AD, Schrader L. 2011. Threats of habitat and water-quality degradation to mussel diversity in the Meramec River Basin, Missouri, USA. US Geological Survey Open File Report 2011–1125.http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1125/

    • Cope WG, Holliman FM, Kwak TJ, Oakley NC, Lazaro PR, Shea D, Augspurger T, Law JM, Henne JP, Ware KM. 2011. Assessing water quality
      and habitat suitability for shortnose sturgeon in an Atlantic river with an in situ bioassay approach. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 27: 1-12. http://www4.ncsu.edu/~tkwak/Cope_et_al_2011.pdf

2010 Publications

    • Wang N, Ingersoll CG, Ivey CD, Hardesty DK, May TW, Augspurger T, Roberts AD, van Genderen E, Barnhart MC. 2010. Sensitivity of early life stages of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) to acute and chronic toxicity of lead, cadmium and zinc in water. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29: 2053-2063. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.250/ful

2009 Publications

    • Wang N, Mebane CA, Kunz JL, Ingersoll CG, May TW, Arnold WR, Santore RC, Augspurger T, Dwyer FJ, Barnhart MC. 2009. Evaluation of acute copper toxicity to juvenile freshwater mussels (Fatmucket, Lampsilis siliquoidea) in natural and reconstituted waters. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 28: 2367–2377. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1897/08-655.1/full

2008 Publications

  • Augspurger, T.P., D.E. Tillitt, S.J. Bursian, S.D. Fitzgerald, D.E. Hinton and R.T. Di Giulio. 2008. Embryo toxicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin to the wood duck (Aix sponsa). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 55: 659-669.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-008-9198-2

  • Augspurger, T.P., K.R. Echols, P.H. Peterman, T.W. May, C.E. Orazio, D.E. Tillitt and R.T. Di Giulio. 2008. Accumulation of environmental contaminants in wood duck (Aix sponsa) eggs with emphasis on polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 55: 670-682.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-008-9199-1

  • Wang, N., R.J. Erickson, C.G. Ingersoll, C.D. Ivey, E.L. Brunson, T. Augspurger and M.C. Barnhart. 2008. Influence of pH on the acute toxicity of ammonia to juvenile freshwater mussels (Fatmucket, Lampsilis siliquoidea) Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27: 1141-1146. Seatac Journals

  • Cope W.G., R.B. Bringolf, D.B. Buchwalter, T.J. Newton, C.G. Ingersoll, N. Wang , T. Augspurger, F.J. Dwyer, M.C. Barnhart, R.J. Neves and E. Hammer. 2008. Differential exposure, duration, and sensitivity of Unionoidean bivalve life stages to environmental contaminantsJournal of the North American Benthological Society 27: 451-462.

2007 Publications

  • Augspurger, T., F.J. Dwyer, C.G. Ingersoll and C.M. Kane. 2007. Editorial: Advances and opportunities in assessing the contaminant sensitivity of freshwater mussel early life stages.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26: 2025-2028.

  • Wang, N., T. Augspurger, M.C. Barnhart, J.R. Bidwell, W.G. Cope, F.J. Dwyer, S. Geis, I.E. Greer, C.G. Ingersoll, C.M. Kane, T.W. May, R.J. Neves, T.J. Newton, A.D. Roberts and D.W. Whites. 2007. Intra- and inter-laboratory variability in acute toxicity tests with glochidia and juvenile mussels. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26: 2029-2035.

  • Wang, N., C.G. Ingersoll, D.K. Hardesty, C.D. Ivey, J.L. Kunz, T.W. May, F.J. Dwyer, A.D. Roberts, T. Augspurger, C.M. Kane, R.J. Neves and M.C. Barnhart. 2007. Acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, and chlorine to glochidia and juveniles of freshwater mussels (Unionidae). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26: 2036-2047.

  • Wang, N., C.G. Ingersoll, I.E. Greer, D.K. Hardesty, C.D. Ivey, J.L. Kunz, W.G. Brumbaugh, F.J. Dwyer, A.D. Roberts, T. Augspurger, C.M. Kane, R.J. Neves and M.C. Barnhart. 2007. Chronic toxicity testing of juvenile mussels with copper and ammonia. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26: 2048-2056.

  • March, F.A., F.J. Dwyer, T. Augspurger, C.G. Ingersoll, N. Wang and C.A. Mebane 2007. An evaluation of freshwater mussel toxicity data in the derivation of water quality guidance and standards for copper. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26: 2066-2074.

  • Ward, S.E., T. Augspurger, F.J. Dwyer, C.M. Kane and C.G. Ingersoll. 2007. Risk assessment of water quality in three North Carolina streams supporting federally-endangered freshwater musselsEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26: 2075-2085.

2006 Publications

  • Hewitt, A.H., W.G. Cope, T.J. Kwak, T. Augspurger, P.R. Lazaro and D. Shea. 2006. Influence of water quality and associated contaminants on survival and growth of the endangered Cape Fear shiner. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25: 2288-2298.

2005 Publications

  • Winger, P.V., P.J. Lasier and T. Augspurger. 2005. Potential impact of Dare County landfills on Alligator River National Wildlife RefugeIntegrated Environmental Assessment and Management 1: 267-282.

  • Keller, A.E. and T. Augspurger. 2005. Toxicity of fluoride to the endangered unionid musselAlasmidonta raveneliana, and surrogate species. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 74: 242-249.Summary of this paper (570kb) pdf version of this paper (1MB). Find the original publication at www.springerlink.com

  • Dwyer, F.J., F.L. Mayer, L.C. Sappington, D.R. Buckler, C.M. Bridges, I.E. Greer, D.K. Hardesty, C.E. Henke, C.G. Ingersoll, J.L. Kunz, D.W. Whites, T. Augspurger, D.R. Mount, K. Hattala and G.N. Neuderfer. 2005. Assessing contaminant sensitivity of endangered and threatened aquatic species: Part 1. Acute toxicity of five chemicals. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 48: 143-154. pdf version of this paper (192kb). The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com.

  • Dwyer, F.J., D.K. Hardesty, C.E. Henke, C.G. Ingersoll, D.W. Whites, T. Augspurger, T.J. Canfield, D.R. Mount and F.L. Mayer. 2005. Assessing contaminant sensitivity of endangered and threatened aquatic species: Part III. Effluent toxicity tests. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 48: 174-183. pdf version of this paper (128kb). The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com.

  • Rocke T.E., N.J. Thomas, C.U. Meteyer, C.F. Quist, J.R. Fischer, T. Augspurger and S.E. Ward. 2005. Attempts to identify the source of avian vacuolar myelinopathy for waterbirds.Journal of Wildlife Diseases 41: 163-170. pdf version of this paper (86kb)

2003 Publications

  • Augspurger, T., J.R. Fischer, N.J. Thomas, L. Sileo, R.E. Brannian, K.J.G. Miller and T.E. Rocke. 2003. Vacuolar myelinopathy in waterfowl from a North Carolina impoundment.Journal of Wildlife Diseases 39: 412-417. pdf version of this paper (2MB)

  • Augspurger, T., A.E. Keller, M.C. Black, W.G. Cope and F.J. Dwyer. 2003. Water quality guidance for protection of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) from ammonia exposure. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22(11): 209-215.

  • Dodder, N.G., B. Strandberg, T. Augspurger and R.A. Hites. 2003. Lipophilic organic compounds in lake sediment and American coot (Fulica americana) tissues, both affected and unaffected by avian vacuolar myelinopathy. Science of the Total Environment 311: 81-89. pdf version of this paper (135 KB)

  • Larsen, R.S., F.B. Nutter, T. Augspurger, T.E. Rocke, N.J. Thomas and M.K. Stoskopf. 2003. Failure to transmit avian vacuolar myelinopathy to mallard ducks. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 39: 707-711.

  • Fischer, J.R., L.A. Lewis, T. Augspurger and T.E. Rocke. 2002. Avian vacuolar myelinopathy: A newly recognized fatal neurologic disease of eagles, waterfowl, and other birds. Transactions of the 67th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 67: 51-61.

2002 Publications

  • Rocke, T.E., N.J. Thomas, T. Augspurger and K. Miller. 2002. Epizootiologic studies of avian vacuolar myelinopathy in waterbirds. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 38: 678-684. pdf version of this paper (50 KB)

      • Larsen, R.S., F.B. Nutter, T. Augspurger, T.E. Rocke, L. Tomlinson, N.J. Thomas and M.K. Stoskopf. 2002. Clinical features of avian vacuolar myelinopathy in American coots. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 221: 80-85. pdf version of this paper (90 KB)

1998 Publications

    • Augspurger, T. and A. Boynton. 1998. Organochlorines and mercury in peregrine falcon eggs from western North Carolina. Journal of Raptor Research 32: 251-254.

    • Augspurger, T., J.C. Franson, K.A. Converse, P.R. Spitzer and E.A. Miller. 1998. An epizootic of common loons in coastal waters of North Carolina: Concentrations of elemental contaminants and results of necropsies. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17:205-209

1996 Publications

  • Augspurger, T., M.R. Smith, C.U. Meteyer and K.A. Converse. 1996. Mortality of passerines adjacent to a North Carolina corn field treated with granular carbofuran. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 32:113-116.

1995 Publications

    • Facemire, C., T. Augspurger, D. Bateman, M. Brim, P. Conzelman, S. Delchamps, E. Douglas, L. Inmon, K. Looney, F. Lopez, G. Masson, D. Morrison, N. Morse and A. Robison. 1995. Impacts of mercury contamination in the southeastern United States. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 80: 923-926.

    • Fleming, W.J., T.P. Augspurger and J.A. Alderman. 1995. Freshwater mussel die-off attributed to anticholinesterase poisoning. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14: 877-879.

1990 Publications

    • Benkert, K. 1990. Assessment of organic and metal contaminants in Lower Back Bay and Upper Currituck Sound. In H.G. Marshall and M.D. Norman (eds). Proceedings of the Back Bay Symposium. Virginia Beach, VA November 2-3, 1990. Biological Sciences Section, Old Dominion University.






Program Contacts:


Tom Augspurger, Ecologist, 919-856-4520 ext. 21

Sara Ward, Ecologist, (252) 473-1132, ext. 243


Mailing Address

Raleigh Field Office

P.O. Box 33726

Raleigh, NC 27636-3726

Last Updated: November 30, 2018