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USFWS National Conservation Training Center (NCTC)
Pollinator Garden

June 2012 Update

NCTC site during a visit in March 2009

March 27, 2009

The Pollinator Garden at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center in Shepherdstown, WV, was planted on May 15, 2009, by the NCTC Pollinator Garden Team and co-workers. The garden is in front of the Entry Building, so that everyone that passes through theNCTC will see the garden. The Team visited the site to measure the area and determine local conditions (sunlight, drainage, etc.) early in the spring.
May 15, 2009
Many of the plants selected are those less preferred by white-tailed deer, which are abundant in the area. The site is temporarily protected with a fence to exclude deer.
Tip: You can find out what native plants in your area attract pollinators using North American Pollinator Protection Campaign's Ecoregional Planting Guides
Native plants for garden
TIP: Information on which plants are less preferred by deer can be found at: Click
White-tailed deer
Photo:Donna Dewhurst,USFWS
Native plants for garden


Native plants selected for this site were purchased from several nurseries that stock plants native to the area near NCTC.


TIP: Native plant societies are a great resource for finding local native plants – through plant exchanges and sales.
A map was drawn to show where the plants would be placed, based on their height and preferences for sun and shade. Specific plants were selected to provide blossoms from spring until fall with a variety of colors to attract a diversity of pollinators.
Flags were used to show where plants would be placed.
Spreading mulch over the garden

Presentation to Children’s Treehouse Preschool on pollinators

The team invited the Children’s Treehouse Preschool located on the NCTC campus to join in the planting. This allowed the children to learn more about pollinators.
TIP: Many fruits and vegetables require pollinators, or produce larger, more symmetrical fruits when pollinated by animals.


Child putting in a plant
Digging hole for plant
Selecting the right plant
Placing plant in garden

Digging hole and removing plant from pot

It only took a few hours to plant the garden with everyone helping.
Tying plant upright
June 22 , 2009

narrowleaf evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa)

Narrowleaf evening primrose
(Oenothera fruticosa)

On June 22, 2009, Foxglove beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis) and narrowleaf evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa) just finished blooming and the black-eyed susan (Rudbeckia hirta) was flowering. We expect bees to be attracted to these flowers.
If you look closely at the photo, you will see the fence to exclude deer and the signs posted to explain the pollinator garden project to visitors and staff.
NCTC Pollinator Garden site

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

Black-eyed Susan
(Rudbeckia hirta)

TIP: Find out what type of plants attract various groups of pollinators at: Click
NCTC Demonstration Pollinator Garden team members and co-workers who helped plant the garden. From left ,front: Julie Moore, Matt Gay, Lew Gorman, Phil Pannill, Dolores Savignano and Karen Anderson; back: Celecia Lee, Martha Balis-Larsen, Mike Bender and Deborah Mead.
Learn more about this project Click.
Check back next month for an update on our garden
NCTC Garden - July Update

The garden is doing well with plants continuing to flower and provide nectar and pollen to pollinators. All the plants are labeled to help visitors identify the plants they are viewing.


Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

The black-eyed Susan continued to bloom in July providing nectar and pollen for bees and other pollinators.


A handout is available in the Entry Building (at the NCTC) with a map of the garden and a list of the species planted.  The species list includes common and scientific names, time of blooming and color of flower.

Clustered mountainmint (Pycnanthemum muticum)

We observed clustered mountainmint and dense blazing star flowering in early July. The blazing star is expected to attract a variety of butterfly and bee species.


Dense blazing star (Liatris spicata) with label in front of plant.

TIP: Plant flowers with bright colors, such as purple, red, and orange, to attract butterflies.  Butterflies can reach nectar that is deep within tubular and bell-shaped flowers because of their long proboscis (mouth part similar to a drinking straw).


May 12, 2011
Two years after planting, the NCTC Pollinator Garden is filling out nicely and attracting pollinators.


June 2012

Narrowleaf Evening Primros



Filling in Nicely!

Butterfly Milkweed


Devil’s Tongue



NCTC Pollinator Garden

June 2012

Carolina Rose

Butterfly Milkweed

Blackeyed Susan

Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Last Updated: May 28, 2015