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United States Department of the Interior 

                                      FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE     
                                               Washington, D.C. 20240

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   In Reply Refer To:
   FWS/DP                                                                                                                   DEC 23,1998

To: Service Directorate 
From: Assistant Director-Planning and Budget                          /s/ Denise E. Sheehan
Subject: Seasonal Employment
Attached is Personnel Bulletin No. 98-4 issuing information and policy on temporary and seasonal employment throughout the Department. As mentioned in the attachment, the OPM has granted the Department an exception to its policy to allow term employees to work seasonal work schedules. The regulations will be revised accordingly. Temporary employees are authorized to work only full-time, part-time, or intermittent work schedules.

We have been asked to analyze the impact of this policy on employment costs. Please provide general information on the level of resource impact to Susan Redman in the Division of Personnel by no later than close of business January 20, 1999.

If you have questions on this new policy, please contact Ms. Redman directly at (202) 208-4824.


DOI logo
United States Department of the Interior 

                                      OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY     
                                               Washington, D.C. 20240

                                                                                                                                            DEC 11 1998

PERSONNEL BULLETIN NO. 98-4 (316) (340)


The Office of Personnel Management has issued approval to allow seasonal work schedules for Department of the Interior employees serving under term appointments. Seasonal employment is defined in 5 CFR 340.401 as annually recurring periods of work expected to last less than twelve months during a calendar year. The regulation also states that seasonal employees are permanent and placed in nonpay/nonduty status at the end of the work period. Because of the OPM approval, seasonal employees within DOI may also include term employees who are placed on nonpay/nonduty status at the end of the work period. This Bulletin clarifies the intent and reiterates the Departmental policy on the use of seasonal employment.

Seasonal employment is identified by the work schedule (full-time seasonal, part-time seasonal, part-time seasonal job sharer, or intermittent seasonal) associated with the position.  Use these seasonal work-schedules only with seasonal appointments described above.

Managers are to examine their annually recurring work requirements to identify relevant seasonal work situations. Personnel offices are to ensure appropriate use of appointing authorities and work-schedules when making seasonal appointments and processing personnel actions. Refer to the attached when reviewing the appropriateness of seasonal versus other kinds of employment and when making seasonal appointments.

This Personnel Bulletin will be retained until superseded by a new issuance. Inquiries may be directed to Margaret Portwood at (202) 208-6428, mailstop MS-5221.


Seasonal Employment

Purpose - Seasonal employment allows agencies to develop a cadre of experienced career employees to perform work during an identified period of the year.

Annual recurring periods of work - Work that predictably recurs from year to year is examined to decide whether the work situation is permanent. Work situations are permanent if the work is annually recurring and the duration is for an indefinite period. Seasonal employment is appropriate for such permanent situations. Seasonal employment may be appropriate also if the work is annually recurring and is project in nature.

Successive temporary appointment to the same or successor jobs are to be avoided. The personnel office should reevaluate a position to ensure it is not more appropriately considered "recurring" in nature, when the position has been filled by, temporary appointment with the same employee for more than two years in a row.

Use of Seasonal Employment - In determining the use of seasonal versus other kinds of employment, consider: Appointments - Seasonal positions are filled by career, career-conditional, or term appointment (not-to-exceed), using the appropriate authorities in 5 CFR Part 315 and 316. Positions in the excepted service with annually recurring periods of work are filled using the appropriate authorities in 5 CFR 213.

Work Schedules - Seasonal employees may work on a full-time, part-time or intermittent work schedule.

Terms and Conditions of Seasonal Employment - An employment agreement must be executed outlining the conditions before entering on duty. The agreement must include information on:

Release and Recall - Bureaus must establish and uniformly apply release and recall procedures. If the employee's work period is less than the minimum period specified in the agreements reduction-in-force or adverse action procedures will apply as appropriate. Employees are placed in a nonduty/nonpay status by processing Nature of Action Code (NOAC) 430, and the Nature of Action is "Placement in Nonpay Status." When recalled to duty from nonduty/nonpay status, process NOAC 280, and NOA "Placement in Pay Status."

Service Credit - For full-time and part-time schedules:

Benefits Other

Link to Personnel Bulletin No. 98-4 ( available as an Adobe PDF file), click here.

For additional information regarding this Web page, contact Krista Bibb, in the Division of Policy and Directives Management, at Krista_Bibb@fws.gov 
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