U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Logo Exhibit 3, 241 FW 3
Eye and Face Protection
Selection Chart
FWM#: 442  (Supersedes Appendix 3, 241 FW 3, 03/24/92, FWM 018)
Date:   March 19, 2004
Series:Occupational Safety and Health
Part 241: Safety Operations
Originating Office: Division of Safety and Health

 PDF Version


Hazard Protection
IMPACT - Chipping, grinding machining, masonry work, woodworking, sawing, drilling, chiseling, powered fastening, riveting, and sanding Flying fragments, objects, large chips, small particles, sand, dirt, etc. Spectacles with side protection, at a minimum for large particles, goggles for grinding/sawing and fine particles and dust, face shield. For severe exposure, use face shield. See note 5.
HEAT - Furnace operation and arc welding, plasma cutting, torch cutting applications Hot sparks Face shields, spectacles with side protection. For severe exposure use face shield.
CHEMICALS - Acid and chemical handling, degreasing, plating, overhead painting operations Splash Goggles, eyecup and cover type. For severe exposure, use face shield. See notes 4 and 6.
DUST - Woodworking, buffing, general dusty conditions. Nuisance dust Goggles, eyecup and cover type.

Welding: Electric arc

Welding: Gas

Cutting, Torch brazing, Torch soldering

Optical radiation

Optical radiation

Optical radiation

Welding helmets or welding shields. See notes 1, 2 and 3.

Welding goggles or welding face shield. See note 1.

Spectacles or welding faceshield. See notes 1 and 4.

Glare Poor vision Spectacles with shaded or special-purpose lenses, as suitable. See notes 1 and 5.
Notes to Eye and Face Protection Selection Chart:

1. Welding helmets or face shields should be used only over primary eye protection (spectacles or goggles).

2. Protection from light radiation is directly related to filter lens density. Select the darkest shade that allows you to do the job task.

3. Tinted and shaded lenses are not filter lenses unless they are marked or identified as such.

4. Face shields should only be worn over primary eye protection (spectacles or goggles).

5. Non-side shield spectacles are available for frontal protection only, but aren't acceptable eye protection for the sources and operations listed for "impact".

6. Ventilation should be adequate, but well protected from splash entry. Eye and face protection should be designed and used so that it provides both adequate ventilation and protects the wearer from splash entry.

Filter Lenses for Protection Against Radiant Energy

Operations Electrode Size
1/32 inch

Arc Current Protective

Shielded metal arc welding Less than 3 Less than 60 7

3-5 80-160 8

5-8 160-250 10

More than 8 250-550 11
Torch brazing

Torch soldering

Note: As a rule of thumb, start with a shade that is too dark to see the weld zone. Then go to a lighter shade which gives sufficient view of the weld zone without going below the minimum. In oxyfuel gas welding or cutting where the torch produces a high yellow light, it is desirable to use a filter lens that absorbs the yellow or sodium line in the visible light of the (spectrum) operation.

ANSI Z87.1-1989 (R-1998) is the standard used by OSHA to determine the minimum required protection PPE must provide in order to be acceptable. Only purchase eye and face protection which meet this standard.

For information on the specific contents of this exhiit contact the Division of Safety and Health.  For additional information regarding this Web page, contact Krista Bibb, in the Division of Policy and Directives Management, at Krista_Bibb@fws.gov.  
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