244 FW 3
Supersedes 241 FW 5, FWM 035, 10/12/92
Date: November 24, 2010
Series: Occupational Safety and Health
Part 244: Explosives Safety
Originating Office: Division of Safety and Health
3.1 What is the purpose of this
chapter? This chapter establishes our policy and procedures for training,
planning, and using explosives to propel rockets and wildlife capture nets to
3.3 Why does the Service use rocket nets? We use rocket netting to capture live wildlife to:
A. Enable detailed studies, including, but not limited to those on bird migration, habitat use, health, survival, disease, and other relevant research efforts; and
B. Rehabilitate and release wildlife impacted by oil or other contaminants.
3.4 What are the safety hazards when rocket netting? Some of the safety hazards include, but are not limited to:
A. Projectiles in the form of internal combustion rockets and wildlife nets. Proper handling, storage, transportation, and use of explosives for rocket netting are critical to maintaining a safe work environment.
B. Firing sources or igniters. These items can create a significant charge that can cause serious injury if you handle them improperly.
3.5 What are the minimum requirements for becoming an authorized rocket netter?
A. You must be authorized by your Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager to use explosives for rocket netting.
B. Your Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager may authorize you to become a rocket netter if you:
(1) Have current Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and first aid training as required by a recognized certification program such as those sponsored by the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, National Safety Council, etc.; and
(2) Successfully complete and maintain the rocket netting authorization requirements we describe in section 3.5C of this chapter.
C. You must attend and successfully complete a rocket net training course acceptable to your Regional Safety Office. Course content must:
(1) Include classroom training and a written test covering the use, storage, and transportation of explosives and rocket netting materials; and
(2) Include a practical field exercise with a live, hands-on test of proficiency.
D. If you are a rocket netter when this policy is published, and
(1) You have demonstrated rocket netting knowledge, skills, and abilities, but have not attended an approved rocket net training course, with your Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager’s approval, you may continue rocket net operations for 2 years from the publication date of this policy. Within 2 years, you must enroll, complete, and provide documentation showing completion of an acceptable rocket net training course and CPR/first aid course to continue to perform rocket net operations.
(2) You have current CPR/first aid training and documented rocket net training within the last 4 years, with your Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager’s and the Regional Safety Manager’s approval, you may become an authorized rocket netter.
3.6 What documentation must an authorized rocket netter maintain?
A. You must maintain records of:
(1) Current CPR and first aid training,
(2) Completion of the rocket net training course, and
(3) Completion of rocket net refresher courses.
B. Your Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager must enter your training information into the Department’s Learning Management System (e.g., DOI Learn).
3.7 Who issues the rocket netting authorizations and for how long are they valid?
A. Project Leaders/supervisors/facility managers issue Explosives and Rock Netting Authorizations (FWS Form 3-2403) and renewals to employees who successfully complete the requirements.
B. Rocket netter authorizations expire 4 years from the date of issue, unless temporarily suspended or revoked. The Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager may issue a new authorization after verifying that the rocket netter has completed an approved rocket netter course or refresher course within the 4-year authorization period.
C. A Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager may suspend or revoke rocket netter authorization for any of, but not limited to, the following reasons:
(1) Conviction for violating any law or regulation relating to explosives and rocket netting materials;
(2) Demonstrating lax security or using unsafe practices relating to explosives and rocket netting materials; or
(3) Lack of proficiency, as demonstrated by the following:
(a) Involvement in an accident related to explosives or rocket netting materials. The Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager may reinstate the rocket netter’s authorization after the Regional Safety Manager investigates the accident and the Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager believes reinstatement is warranted; or
(b) Unsatisfactory performance relating to handling, storage, use, or recordkeeping of explosives or rocket netting.
3.8 What types of planning tools does the Service require for rocket netting? Before each rocket netting operation, the authorized rocket netter in coordination with Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager must develop a rocket netting plan (see Exhibit 1). They must keep a copy of the plan at the station office and at the rocket netting site. The rocket netting plan must be site-specific and, at a minimum, include the following:
A. A rocket netter-in-charge that the Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager designates. This person must be an authorized rocket netter. He/she has authority over all actions and operations related to rocket netting for the particular operation.
B. The names, qualifications (authorizations), and responsibilities of all personnel involved with the rocket netting or who are responsible for transporting, handling, or storing the explosives. Also list the names of other personnel authorized to be within the rocket net area during operations.
(1) In addition to the rocket-netter in charge, at least one other member of the rocket net team should have a current certificate in CPR and first aid and be identified on the rocket net plan.
(2) No one is allowed in the rocket net site or onto the rocket net area unless they are listed in the rocket net plan or are approved for entry by the rocket netter-in-charge.
(3) All personnel must receive a safety briefing before entering the rocket net area.
(4) The rocket netter-in-charge must maintain a roster of all personnel within the rocket net area.
C. Proposed dates and possible locations where rocket netting will occur based on wildlife activity.
D. Means of transporting explosives and provisions for storing and securing explosives on site.
E. Type and quantity of explosives and initiating devices that will be used for the operation. The rocket netter-in-charge must maintain an inventory of explosives that are transported to the rocket net site, transported from the rocket net site, and any explosives that may remain overnight at the rocket net site in accordance with section 3.9E(1)(p).
F. A statement that the Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager has obtained applicable permits and licenses.
G. Minimum acceptable weather and static conditions and considerations for stray radio frequency energy and electrical currents where electrical initiation will be used.
H. Required personal protective equipment, including but not limited to hearing, head, and eye protection. The Rocket Netting Job Hazard Assessment (see Exhibit 2 for a sample) should also describe the personal protective equipment and when and how to use it.
I. Minimum standoff distance and the means for clearing and controlling access to rocket net areas.
J. Procedures for handling misfires and other unusual occurrences.
K. Emergency action plan, including the following:
(1) Phone numbers of local emergency response organizations (rescue, ambulance, fire department, police);
(2) Location and phone number of nearest medical services facility;
(3) Actions to take if someone is injured; and
(4) A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each explosive or other hazardous material that may be used.
3.9 What are the Service requirements for using explosives during rocket netting operations?
A. Rocket charge classification for storage and transportation.
(2) For transportation purposes, rocket net charges are classified as a hazardous material Division 1.3C explosive (see 244 FW 1.11 for transportation requirements). During transit, lock rocket charges in a Type 3 magazine/day-box, or in a compartment or portable container that meets IME SLP-22 standards. Temporarily or permanently secure the Type 3 day-box or IME SLP-22 portable container to the vehicle (with direct access from outside of the vehicle) or secure it within the cargo-carrying space of the vehicle so that it is readily accessible.
overnight vehicle storage. When necessary, you may store rocket net
charges overnight in a locked vehicle under the following conditions:
(2) You must:
(a) Lock them inside an unmarked (for security reasons) Type 3 day-box or IME SLP-22 container.
(b) Place the Type 3 day-box or IME SLP-22 container out of sight inside a locked vehicle, affixed and locked camper shell, or locked truck box.
(3) Include the justification for overnight storage and method of overnight storage in the rocket net plan, which must be signed by the rocket netter-in-charge and the Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager.
C. Transporting or carrying explosives by non-motorized means: When transporting explosives by non-motorized means, you must meet the requirements in 244 FW 1.11B.
D. Transporting explosives by watercraft: When transporting explosives by watercraft, you must meet the requirements of 244 FW 1.11C.
E. Rocket netting operations.
(a) Never perform rocket netting operations alone.
(b) Store and transport all charges with the lead wires in the shunted position.
(c) Transport only the number of charges necessary to perform the work to the site.
(d) When handling explosives, wear cotton clothing to reduce the build-up of static electricity and subsequent sparking. If open (un-shunted) lead wires are brushed against synthetic fiber clothes, especially in cold air, residual static electricity could fire the charges.
(e) Turn off two-way radios and cellular phones when working with or directly handling rocket net charges and when un-shunted wires are present.
(f) Choose rocket net sites to avoid the potential of a disconnected rocket hitting an object downrange (e.g., houses, vehicles, people, roads) and so that the explosives do not start a fire in the immediate area of the discharge. Clear the rocket discharge area of fire hazards and ensure that fire suppression equipment is available.
(g) Rocket net sites using remote controlled firing devices (RFDs) should be at least ½ mile from live circuits. Variables, including nearby wattage outputs and weather conditions, make it difficult to establish minimum safe ranges where a rocket net site using RFDs will not be affected. For all types of rocket net sites, never be in a position that would put you or others in danger if an accidental firing caused by radio frequencies or other variables were to occur. Under certain conditions, low flying aircraft and high voltage transmission lines may also emit enough energy to trigger electrical explosive devices.
(h) Before every initial and subsequent shot, thoroughly inspect the anchoring system, rocket supports, links, restraining ropes, and all rope connections for damage, fraying, untying, etc. Design rocket supports so they are stable and reliable. Do not use “make-shift” materials such as logs or rocks to angle the rockets.
(i) The person arming the rockets must carry the blasting machine or firing source whenever they are portable. Never connect the electrical/blasting mechanism to the lead wire or spool until immediately before the planned discharge.
(j) When arming, loading, or unloading rockets, always work from the rear quarter location to the rocket. Never stand in front of, or directly behind, a rocket when testing circuit continuity, net arrangement, or when a rocket is being armed or after it is loaded. For re-baiting operations, disconnect the rocket charges or take other precautions to prevent ignition and being struck by a projectile.
(k) Firing lines should always remain shunted until the area is cleared of people. Maintain shunting at the lead wires of the cartridge and the ends of the firing cable until ready to fire or when you’re attaching a remote control. Immediately after firing, shunt the ends of the firing cable.
(l) To check for electrical continuity, only use a blasting galvanometer that is approved for use with explosives.
(m) Only use a firing device that is approved for explosives.
(n) Never expose explosive device cartridges to unnecessary heat, moisture, or abuse.
(o) Do not handle charges or operate a rocket net during an electrical or dust storm.
(p) Discharge rockets and rocket nets during daylight hours if possible. To meet the needs of the mission, it is acceptable to rocket net during twilight or at night (under a full moon if possible). It also may be necessary to set up the area in advance or the day before for a sunrise shot. If the charges are left overnight, you must:
(i) Take adequate measures to ensure security of the charges and safety of people and wildlife. Clearly describe these measures in the rocket net plan, which is signed by the rocket netter-in charge and the Project Leader/supervisor/facility manager;
(ii) Post the area and ensure it is away from trails and other areas that visitors may use; and
(iii) Inspect the setup in the morning to ensure conditions have not changed and circuitry is intact.
(2) Loading the rocket:
(a) Check all charges
for the expiration date before beginning. The specific rocket model you use
(see Exhibit 3) must match
the type of rocket charge you use. Do not use rockets or rocket charges if
you cannot identify the rocket model or the type of rocket charge. For
example, only use Winn-Star charges with Winn-Star rockets and only use
Wildlife Materials, Inc. (WMI) charges with WMI rockets.
(c) Before placing charges in rockets, unscrew the breech cap and clean any debris from inside the rocket body and rocket nozzles. Be certain rocket nozzles are clear. Periodically clean the threads on the nozzle of the rocket body with a steel brush and always lightly grease them before storage. This prevents rust and makes it easier to remove the cap.
(d) Insert rocket charge into rocket body.
(e) Pass lead wire through one of the nozzle holes and take up slack lead wire.
(f) Replace the nozzle on the rocket body and tighten securely (a minimum of three complete turns).
(g) Inspect connection with net.
(3) Hookup to power supply and firing:
(a) Before unfolding ignition/charge wires, check to be sure the two wires are shunted (twisted together).
(b) To prevent electrical shock, keep clear of the firing wire leads when initiating the explosives for firing the net.
(c) To have all charges ignite simultaneously; wire the charges in a series, not parallel (see Exhibit 4).
(d) Check electrical continuity with a blasting galvanometer after hook-up is complete. Recheck electrical continuity before each trapping attempt.
(a) In case of misfires, the rocket netter-in-charge must be prepared to handle them and ensure people stay safely away from the charge for at least 30 minutes.
(b) Only authorized rocket netters who are trained and experienced in the properties of explosives and their uses in rocket netting operations may handle misfires.
For information on the content of this chapter, contact the Division of Safety and Health. For information about this Web site, contact Krista Bibb in the Division of Policy and Directives Management.