Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office
Pacific Region

Tools for Partners and Landowners

The Hawai‘i Fish Habitat Partnership (FHP) is composed of a diverse group of partners that have the capacity to plan and implement a technically sound statewide aquatic habitat restoration program. The partnership is committed to implementing aquatic habitat restoration in the appropriate landscape scale to achieve conservation benefits. For information on the National Fish Habitat Action Plan, click here.

Key threats to freshwater species and habitats

  • Instream structures and barriers including stream diversions, dams, channel alteration, and road crossings
  • Introduced aquatic invasive species
  • Increased urbanization resulting in polluted runoff and hydraulic change and resulting loss and degradation of freshwater habitat
  • Suspended sediment input due to agriculture and forestry management
  • Unregulated harvesting for fishes and invertebrates for consumption and retail sale (example: anchialine pond shrimp)
  • Recreational overuse including trampling and tourism-related impacts
  • Feral ungulates impacts including trampling, uprooting, and vegetation change and soil erosion
  • In-stream flow requirements adequate to insure the biological integrity of stream communities not yet established

Examples of Hawai‘i Fish Habitat Partners Projects

Photo of a barrier to fish at Waihee Stream.

Fish Passage Restoration Waihe‘e Stream, O‘ahu

Local community groups and resource agencies requested modification or removal of an abandoned water control structure to re-establish native migratory fish and invertebrate populations.  This project has support of the land owner, the community, and local, state and federal agencies.  The Hawaii FHP coordinated funding of this project through the National Fish Passage Program and is assisting with planning and implementation of this fish passage project. Partners engaged in this restoration effort include the Key Project, Hui O Ko‘olaupoko,  Honolulu Board of Water Supply, DLNR Division of Aquatic Resources, U.S.G.S. Water Resources Division and others.

Barrier to native fish migration will be modified to allow fish passage, Waihe‘e Stream, Koolaupoko District, O‘ahu. Photo credit - Gordon Smith/USFWS.


UH-Hawaiian Internship Program Fisheries Technician Support

Through the Regional Office of the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s Fisheries Resources Division, the Hawai‘i FHP hired a student participating in UH Hilo’s UH-HIP program to assist fishery resource managers at the Hawai‘i DLNR Division of Aquatic Resources Hilo District Office.  The student surveyed benthic substrate and algae as part of an estuary island wide estuary fisheries survey.

Photo of FWS Fisheries Technician Raeanne Cobb-Adams examining estuary substrate conditions on the Big Island


FWS Fisheries Technician Raeanne Cobb-Adams examining estuary substrate conditions on the Big Island. Photo credit - Troy Sakura.

Photo of culverts in a watershed area

Hawai‘i Statewide Fish Passage Barriers Inventory

This project will develop a geographic information database that contains searchable site-specific information regarding the locations and types of barriers to upstream migratory fish and invertebrate passage in Hawaiian streams. Supporting data will include specific information relating to the biological effects, physical nature and structural characteristics of each fish passage barrier. Information will be obtained from existing and new, field verified, sources by the Hawai‘i DLNR Water Commission.

Poorly placed and undersized culverts may form barriers to migratory fish passage in many watersheds across the State of Hawai‘i.  Photo credit - USFWS

Click here to print an overview of program information,
Hawai‘i Fish Habitat Partnership Factsheet (pdf 199 KB)

Click here to print a copy of the
Hawai‘i Fish Habitat Partnership Strategic Plan
(pdf 778 KB)

The Hawaii Fish Habitat Partnership seeks to cooperatively develop and implement conservation projects to benefit native
aquatic life and sustainable uses of streams, estuaries, and nearshore marine habitats through the support and participation of government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and communities.

For additional information contact:
Gordon Smith
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Pacific Islands Office
300 Ala Moana Blvd, Room 3-122
Box 50088
Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96850
(808) 792-9400
(808) 792-9581 fax

Last updated: September 20, 2012
Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office
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