Large landscapes host hundreds of native species, so when working at landscape-scales, it's impractical to directly focus on each of them individually. Surrogate species can help target conservation efforts to meet overarching fish and wildlife needs. But what constitutes a landscape? Although there's no one-size-fits-all definition, as a starting point for its surrogate species selection efforts, the Pacific Region is adopting the ecoregional geography used in State Wildlife Action Plans (SWAPs).