Wildlife & Sport Fish Restoration Program
Pacific Region

Briefings - Sport Fish Restoration Act          


Purpose:  The Act is intended to support state restoration, conservation, and management of sport fish for public use, including providing access facilities for anglers and boaters.  Projects funded under the Act may include fishery research, management, and development; fishing and boating access improvements; publication of information to aid public use of fishing and boating opportunities; and aquatic resource education.

Eligible Participants:  The agencies responsible for managing fisheries in the 50 states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the District of Columbia are eligible to participate in the Sport Fish Restoration Program, commonly referred to as the Wallop-Breaux Program.

Funding:  The Program has four sources of funds: 1) manufacturers’ excise taxes paid on fishing equipment; electric outboard motors, and tackle boxes, 2) import duties on imported fishing tackle, pleasure boats, and yachts; 3) federal fuel tax revenues attributable to the sale of gasoline for use in motorboats and small engine outdoor power equipment, and 4) accrual of interest on the trust fund in which revenue from these sources are held.

Funds collected during a given fiscal year are apportioned to eligible participants at the beginning of the next fiscal year. The amount of money received by each state is determined according to a formula which takes into account total land and water area and the number of licensed anglers in each state. No state may receive more than 5 percent of the total amount available for apportionment to the states, and no state may receive less than 1 percent. Puerto Rico also receives 1 percent of the apportionment, while all other participants (Guam, American Samoa, etc.) each receive one-third of 1 percent.

Matching Requirements:  The program is a cost-reimbursable program, i.e., the grantees cover the full cost of an approved activity and then apply for reimbursement for up to 75 percent of the project expenses. Grantees must provide at least 25 percent of project funding from a non-federal source. 

Project Application/Selection Process:  Grantees submit project proposals to USFWS Regional Offices for review by regional staff of the Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program for eligibility under the Sport Fish Restoration Act, for soundness of the proposed work, and for compliance with other Federal regulations. Grantees are not in competition with each other for funding and have full authority to determine their needs and priorities and submit projects accordingly. Federal grants managers determine whether the projects are eligible under the Act, address a legitimate described need, and are designed to meet the need in a reasonable way at a reasonable cost.  Grant recipients must also comply with nearly thirty other Federal acts or requirements, including the Endangered Species Act, National Environmental Policy Act, archeological and historic preservation requirements, and others.

If approved, the federal share of project funding is obligated from a grantee's apportionment.  The grantee may then begin the project and be reimbursed for the Federal share as costs are incurred.  Approved work is monitored to ensure that projects are completed as proposed and funds are spent on activities approved in grant documents.


WSFRP Contacts:

Paul Hayduk (paul_hayduk@fws.gov) 503-736-4780

Flinn Curren, Pacific Islands Coordinator (edward_curren@fws.gov) 808-792-9572


Last updated: December 20, 2012
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