Wildlife & Sport Fish Restoration Program
Pacific Region


Briefings - Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973

Purpose: The Secretary of the Interior is directed to cooperate with States to conserve endangered or threatened species. This includes providing grants to States for endangered and threatened species projects under Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act.

Eligible Participants: Any State or Territory which establishes and maintains an adequate and active program for conservation of endangered and threatened species is eligible. The State and the Service must enter into a Cooperative Agreement, which specifies the State's authority for management of endangered and threatened species, before the Service can provide funds for projects proposed by a State. Continued eligibility is reaffirmed annually by reviewing changes in the States' management authority or their endangered and threatened species program.

Funding: Funds are appropriated annually through several programs as part of the Service's budget process:

  • Traditional section 6 Conservation Grants are distributed by the Washington D.C. Office to the regional offices based primarily on the number of listed species in the Region, and total number of Section 6 Cooperative Agreements with States in the Region.

  • Recovery Land Acquisition Grants for acquisition of habitat for endangered and threatened species in support of approved recovery plans. Acquisition of habitat to secure long term protection is often an essential element of a comprehensive recovery effort for a listed species. (National competition)

  • Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) Grants to support the development of HCPs, through support of baseline surveys and inventories, document preparation, outreach, and similar planning activities. Grants may also support the implementation of conservation actions that complement the mitigation actions called for in approved HCPs. (National competition)

  • Safe Harbor Grants for planning, development, and implementation of Safe Harbor Agreements for listed species on state, private, and other non-Federal lands, with emphasis on statewide and range-wide Safe Harbor Agreements and associated private landowner agreements. Safe Harbor Agreements have proven extremely effective in encouraging non-Federal landowners to enhance or improve habitat for threatened and endangered species on their property. (Regional competition)

  • Candidate Conservation Agreement Grants for planning, development, and implementation of Candidate Conservation Agreements to conserve candidate and proposed species, and species likely to become candidates, on State, private, and other non-Federal lands. By addressing the needs of species early, potential conflicts associated with listing may be avoided. Emphasis is placed on statewide and range-wide agreements and local and private landowner agreements associated with these state-wide or range-wide efforts. (Regional competition)

  • The HCP Land Acquisition Program is administered through Ecological Services (503-231-6241).

Matching Requirements: The Federal share of a project cannot exceed 75 percent unless two or more adjacent states jointly prepare a cooperative project in which they have a common interest. The maximum federal share of a joint project in which two or more states are actively involved is 90 percent.

Project Application/Selection Process: Annually, States prepare project proposals which receive initial review by the Endangered Species Field Offices to ensure they are eligible and address high priority activities; proposals are submitted to the Regional Office. Proposals are ranked according to criteria which include degree of threat, likelihood of recovery, consistency with Recovery Plans, listing status of the species, etc. The Regional Director makes the final decision regarding which projects to fund and in what amount for the Traditional Grants, the Safe Harbor Agreements, and the Candidate Conservation Agreements. The Regional Director forwards proposals to be funded through national competition to the Washington D.C. office for consideration and selection for HCP Planning and Species Recovery Land Acquisition programs.

WSFRP Contacts:

Heather Hollis (heather_hollis@fws.gov) 503-231-2372


Last updated: December 20, 2012
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