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Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Physical Characteristics

Bald eagles are the second largest bird of prey in North America and are distinguished as adults by their bright white head and tail feathers. Their body length ranges from 28 to 38 inches, while their wingspan ranges from 66 to 96 inches. Females are typically 25% larger than males, but they otherwise look the same.

Juvenile bald eagles can be more challenging to identify, since they don't get their white feathers until they are about 5-1/2 years old. Juvenile bald eagles are most commonly mistaken for golden eagles, osprey, turkey vultures, and even Canada geese, which have been known make their home in an eagle nest.

Facts About
Bald Eagles

Nesting Season
January 1 - August 31
Roosting Season
October 15 - March 15
Defining Characteristics
White head and tail feathers on mature adults
bald eagle soaring by USFWS; bald eagle thumbnail ┬ęThomas Hawk
Last Updated: July 16, 2014
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