Climate Change in the Pacific Region
Pacific Region

Climate Change in the Pacific Northwest Coastal & Marine Ecosystems

Coastal & Marine

Storm Intensity

Climate change and climate oscillations increase the intensity and frequency of large storms and extreme wave heights

Coastal Storms

Wildlife and Plants

Loss of habitat, the pressure of invasive species and range shifts are just a few of the issues effecting wildlife and plants in coastal and marine systems

Sea Lions

Ocean Acidification

High carbon dioxide levels cause increasingly acidic ocean water with cascading effects for the aquaculture industry and the marine food web


Sea Temperature Rise

Higher air temperatures translate into higher temperatures for the sea surface with a multitude of effects related to storms, sea level rise and the survival of ocean wildlife

Marine Invasive Species

Invasive species risks to coastal ecosystems will continue to grow and changes in climate may increase the ability of invasive species to spread to new areas

Green Crab

Sea Level Rise

A warming climate not only melts ice, but also causes sea water to expand (taking up more space), and other changes that result in rising sea levels. Interestingly however, not all places will be affected equally

Sea Level

Want to learn more?

Check out these great synthesis documents on how climate change effects marine and coastal systems:

Coastal Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerabilities: 2012 Technical Input Report to the 2013 National Climate Assessment.

Coastal systems and low-lying areas. Nicholls, R. J., et al.  2007. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Edited by M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, P. J. van der Linden and C. E. Hanson. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 315-356.

limate Change Effects and Adaptation Approaches in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems of the North Pacific Landscape Conservation Cooperative Region: A Compilation of Scientific Literature. Phase 1 Draft Final Report. (August, 2011) Full Report    Executive Summary and Table of Contents

Climate Change Effects on Marine and Coastal Habitats in Washington State  (WA Dept of Fish and Wildlife, National Wildlife Federation, April, 2010). This paper is intended as a reference document—a “science summary”

Impacts of climate change on Oregon’s coasts and estuaries (Ruggiero et al., 2010)

Climate Impacts on U.S. Living Marine Resources: National Marine Fisheries Service Concerns, Activities and Needs. (Osgood, 2008)




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Last updated: September 12, 2013

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