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Pacific Salmon and Steelhead

Salmon and steelhead are more than an icon; they are national treasures in serious decline.The Columbia River once had runs of five species of Pacific salmon, steelhead and other anadromous fish totaling as many as 10 to 16 million fish that supported both Tribal and large commercial fisheries.

Human pressures on our valuable fishery resources are becoming extreme. The Pacific Region has reached a point where many migratory fish species are either listed or being considered for listing under the Endangered Species Act. These listings are increasingly straining the economic, social, and cultural fabric of the Pacific Region.

The Service takes a holistic approach to fishery conservation, focusing on a broad array of scientific fishery management and conservation efforts. As part of those efforts, 15 national fish hatcheries produce approximately 60 million salmon and steelhead each year. The hatcheries nurture Chinook, steelhead, cocho, chum, and a limited number of sockeye.

Last Updated: December 7, 2016
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