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Historically, this area was part of a large bottomland hardwood forest which had extensive oak, hickory, and native pecan components. Some portions of the area were converted to agricultural uses during the early portions of the century; however, the majority of the area was converted into active agricultural production during the late 1960's and early 1970's. This conversion was accomplished by extensive drainage of wetlands, alteration of interior drainage systems, and clearing of the bottomland hardwood forest.


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Currently, the area consists of farmland, river-scar oxbows, several sloughs, wet depressional areas, and a small amount of bottomland hardwoods. Cypress Slough, on the south side of the Green River in the Scuffletown Unit, is a large natural wetland. A few scattered tracts of cut-over forest remain, consisting predominantly of silver maple, cottonwood, and hackberry, however over 90% of this area is in agricultural production. Downstream of the mouth of the Green River, approximately 1,200 acres of bottomland forest remain, consisting predominantly of cypress, willow, hackberry, silver maple, ash, and buttonbush.



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The most commonly grown crops in the CPA are corn and soybeans. However, agricultural
production in the project area has been heavily impacted by annual flooding from both the Ohio and Green Rivers.