Life clings tenaciously to the rocks, reefs, and islands of the Refuge. 


Beds of kelp surround many islands providing habitat for sea urchins, small fish, and sea otters. The rocky intertidal zone around the base of most Refuge islands houses a variety of residents including algae, mollusks, sea stars, and anemones. Many islands rise high out of the water transitioning to cliff faces that are bare and rocky or thinly covered in grass providing ledges and crags for birds to safely rest. A few of these islands are capped with small grassy meadows or even scraps of forest where birds can build nests far from terrestrial predators.