Hunting is allowed on Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge only in designated times and places for elk, moose, deer, pronghorn and waterfowl (ducks, geese, coot) only. Hunting is regulated on the refuge to promote and maintain healthy populations. Hunters must be familiar with all hunting regulations:


Montana State Hunting Regulations

Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Hunting Refuge Regulations  

Code of Federal Regulations covering hunting and fishing on National Wildlife Refuges


Responsible hunting and fishing do not pose a threat to wildlife populations and is necessary for sound wildlife management.   Hunting programs can promote understanding and appreciation of natural resources and their management on lands and waters in the Refuge System.   

No refuge permit is required to hunt or enter the refuge, except for the Special Hunt in November.  Details on how to apply for this free permit may be found under the "permits" section.  To learn more about hunting opportunities, seasons and regulations on Red Rock Lakes NWR, please refer to the current hunting brochure and refuge brochure.  Only big game (Elk, Deer, Pronghorn, Moose) and waterfowl (ducks,geese, and coot) may be hunted.  HUNTING IS CLOSED TO ALL OTHER SPECIES, including wolf, bear, mountain lion, upland bird, and non-game animals.   In addition to state law and the annual refuge hunting brochure, the following refuge regulations apply to hunting:

 A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting.  We allow hunting of goose, duck and coot on a designated area of the refuge in accordance with Montana State hunting regulations subject to the following conditions:

  • We allow goose, duck and coot hunting only in the area surrounding Lower Red Rock Lake. The north boundary is the east-west running fence line 1 mile north of the River Marsh. The west boundary is the west boundary of the Refuge. The south boundary is the South Valley Road and Sparrow Pond Trail.The east boundary is 50 yards east of Odell Creek northward from Sparrow Pond Trail Bridge to Lower Red Rock Lake then continuing due north from the mouth of Odell Creek to the north boundary. (Consult refuge manager prior to hunting to learn specific boundary of the hunting area).    
  • Hunters must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, and other personal equipment from refuge migratory bird hunting area each day.
  • We only allow non-motorized boats in the hunt area east of the Lower Red Rock Lake dam. We allow boats with motors 10 hp or less west of Lower Red Rock Lake dam.
  • We prohibit the use of motorized decoys. (e.g. MOJOs)
  • We prohibit camping along roadsides. We allow camping in only two established campgrounds. Camping is restricted to 16 consecutive days within any 30 day period. We prohibit horses in the campgrounds. All bear attractants, including but not limited to food, garbage, and carcasses, must be stored acceptably at night (unless in immediate use) and during the day if unattended.  


B.Big Game Hunting.  We allow hunting of deer, elk, moose, and pronghorn antelope on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State hunting regulations subject to the following conditions: 

  • Moose hunting on the refuge portion of Montana moose hunt zone 334 opens October 15 and runs through the end of the State moose season. 
  • We restrict moose hunting to the willow fen area south of Elk Springs Creek, east of Upper Red Rock Lake and north and west of the South Valley Road, at the southeast comer of the refuge. We prohibit moose hunting in all other areas of the refuge.
  • We allow big game hunting (elk, white-tailed deer, mule deer, and pronghorn antelope) on the refuge except big game hunting is prohibited in the Moose hunting area (willow fen area).