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As the footprint of croplands was reduced on the Refuge post establishment, former farm fields that were not converted to wetlands were planted with mostly non-native pasture grasses including red-top, timothy, and smooth brome.  The grasslands are managed through the use of mowing, herbicides and prescribed fire to control the invasive plant species, reduce thatch buildup, and maintain the vigor of existing pasture grasses.  The primary purposes of these areas are big game and goose forage, waterfowl and migratory landbird nesting habitat.

Last Updated: May 15, 2012
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