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North Florida Field Office

Fact Sheet -- USFWS ESA Five-Year Review for the Florida Manatee (Reopened and Expanded)


Manatees are federally protected under both the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA).

Under the ESA, the Service maintains a list of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species. Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA requires that we conduct a review of listed species at least once every five years. Then, on the basis of such reviews, Service biologists and conservation managers make a determination on whether or not a recommendation for reclassification or de-listing is appropriate. If we determine that a classification change is not warranted, the species' ESA-status would remain unchanged


The Service is now conducting a five-year review of the Florida manatee.

In conducting the five-year review biologists and conservation managers consider the best scientific and commercial data and all new information that has become available since the listing determination or most recent review.

For this review, we are particularly interested in any new information since publication of the third revision of the Florida manatee recovery plan in 2001. Categories of requested information include (A) species biology, including but not limited to, population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics; (B) habitat conditions, including but not limited to, amount, distribution, and suitability; (C) conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species; (D) threat status and trends; and (E) other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods. Information submitted should be supported by documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.


To ensure that the five-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, the Service has announced it is conducting this review and is soliciting information from the public, concerned governmental agencies, Tribes, the scientific community, industry, environmental entities, and any other interested parties concerning the status of the Florida manatee. Public comments and information must be received no later than June 13, 2006 (comment period reopened on March 24, 2006) to allow Service biologists and conservation managers adequate time to conduct this review.

While there are no hard deadlines for completion, we are looking to complete the assessment and make our determination by late this year or early 2006.


The notice announcing this review and additional information on this notice is available on the Service's web site at www.fws.gov/northflorida , or may be requested by writing via e-mail to manatee@fws.gov; by faxing your request to 904-232-2404; or by letter to USFWS, Attn: Manatee 5-year Review, 6620 Southpoint Dr. S, Suite 310, Jacksonville, FL 32216. If you have specific questions or need special assistance, please contact the Service's North Florida Office at 904-232-2580, ext. 109.

Updated 5-year Review FAQs 2006 5-year Review Notice 2005 5-year Review Notice

2006 5-year Review News Release black graphic pointer - pointing to right Manatee Information black graphic pointer - pointing to right Home

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Last modified March 28, 2006

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