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CLEARANCE TO PROCEED WITH COMMUNICATION TOWER PROJECTS
Revised and Updated: July 15, 2016 [See "Updated" tag for changes]
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the lead Federal Agency charged with the protection and conservation of Federal Trust Resources, such as threatened and endangered species and migratory birds, in accordance with section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA) (87 Stat. 884; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) (Eagle Act), and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (40 Stat. 755; 16 U.S.C. 701 et seq.). Included in this mandate is the review of projects involving communication towers. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) authorizes such projects, and as part of its authorization and obligations under the ESA and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), requires a project environmental impact review. Such projects primarily involve new tower construction, co-location of antennas on existing communication towers or other structures, and the repair, maintenance or relicensing of existing structures.
With the recent and continuing advances in cellular communication technology, and resulting widespread consumer demand for this service, the Jacksonville Ecological Services Field Office has experienced a significant increase in the number of requests for review of these projects. To fulfill our ESA statutory obligations in a timely and consistent manner, and to assist communication companies in addressing FCC and NEPA environmental impact review requirements, we provide the following guidance and clearance. The guidance is largely based on our agency's Interim Guidelines for Recommendations on Communication Tower Siting, Construction, Operation, and Decommissioning. This document is posted on our national web site, and may be reviewed and downloaded by accessing https://www.fws.gov/birds/management/project-assessment-tools-and-guidance/guidance-documents/communication-towers.php.
Federally Listed Species Assessment
For new tower construction and related activities, applicants are responsible for conducting an initial assessment and possible site survey to determine if any federally listed species occur within, or in proximity to, the project footprint.
Our office web site, http://www.fws.gov/northflorida, contains information on such species, including the location of wood stork (Mycteria americana) nesting colonies, as well as survey protocols for scrub-jays (Aphelocoma coerulescens) and sand skinks (Neoseps reynoldsi).
Information on known bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) nests is available via a link on our web site or through http://myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/managed/bald-eagle/.
For projects located in suitable nesting or foraging habitat for the red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis) that are on public lands, contact the land owner/manager for location information. On private lands, go to http://www.fws.gov/rcwrecovery/recovery_plan.html for the survey protocol.
To further assist you with project analysis, we recommend that you consult the following additional electronic sources of information.
If the site assessment and/or survey reveals listed species within the project footprint, the project should be forwarded to our office (firstname.lastname@example.org) for further evaluation and possible consultation.
Project Design & Maintenance
If an assessment or survey does not detect federally-listed species within the project footprint, we have determined that the following types of projects and project specifications are not likely to adversely affect federally listed species or have significant adverse impacts on migratory birds. For projects that meet the criteria listed below, NO further coordination with the Service is necessary. This guidance may also be used as a general clearance for all future projects meeting these criteria.
Please Note: The bald eagle was removed from the protections of the ESA (delisted) in August 2007; however, a final Rule that implements a permit program designed to protect bald and golden eagle populations in the future was published in the Federal Register on September 11, 2009. These final regulations authorize the limited take of bald and golden eagles through the issuance of permits under the Eagle Act where the take to be authorized is associated with otherwise lawful activities. These regulations also establish permit provisions for intentional take of eagle nests where necessary to ensure public health and safety, and in other limited circumstances. Please refer to the following website link for more information and application procedures: http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/baldeagle.htm.
Please Note: Ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) frequently nest on communication towers, and the nesting in Florida may extend throughout all months of the year. Confirmed nests that are inactive (no eggs or young in nesting) have no special protections under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, and although nest removal is allowed, we recommend nest removal only be undertaken if there are no alternatives to the required work. Where the proposed work is associated with an existing tower supporting an active osprey nest, refer to our national migratory bird website, and/or contact our Southeastern Regional Division of Migratory Birds in Atlanta, GA at (404)-679-7049 or at https://www.fws.gov/souhteast/BIRDS/ for further guidance prior to any work.
For existing towers that do not include any modification, footprint expansion or construction, and meet the criteria below, no further coordination with the Service is necessary. This includes those projects for relicensing of existing towers. Therefore, this guidance may also be used as a general clearance for all existing projects meeting these criteria.
For those projects that do not meet these criteria our only available recommendations are:
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