Ecological Services
Northeast Region
Energy Conservation

The most environmentally responsible energy practices generate "negawatts," which represent units of saved energy. Energy efficiency and conservation measures, which can be implemented today, reduce future demand for fossil fuels and the need for adding new generating capacity.

By reducing energy demand, we can slow the destruction of habitat and help mitigate the effects of climate change.

Wind Energy and Wildlife Connect with Us

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service supports the responsible development of renewable energy technologies, like wind power, but commercial wind energy facilities still have the potential to adversely affect wildlife.

When wind energy projects are constructed in forested habitat, especially along ridge tops, habitat destruction and fragmentation can harm resident species. Wind facility operations, primarily the rotation of the turbine blades, also poses a direct threat to birds and bats, including federally protected species such as the bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and the federally listed Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis). In fact, some of the highest wind turbine bat fatality rates observed occur at wind projects in the Northeast Region.

The Service has worked closely with the wind industry and other agencies and organizations to develop voluntary guidelines to help minimize the effects of commercial wind energy development to wildlife. Additionally, the Service continues to work with other stakeholders to better understand the effects of wind energy projects on avian and bat species and to further refine methods of reducing any negative effects. The Service guidelines for land-based wind energy development can be found at

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Last updated: July 20, 2015