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|The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act||More Resources||
The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act
The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 668-668c), enacted in 1940, prohibits anyone from "taking" bald eagles, including their parts, nests or eggs without a permit issued by the Secretary of the Interior.
The Eagle Act identifies criminal penalties for persons who "take, possess, sell, purchase, barter, offer to sell, purchase or barter, transport, export or import, at any time or any manner, any bald eagle ... [or any golden eagle], alive or dead, or any part, nest, or egg thereof." The Eagle Act defines "take" as "pursue, shoot, shoot at, poison, wound, kill, capture, trap, collect, molest or disturb."
For purposes of the National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines, "disturb" means: "to agitate or bother a bald or golden eagle to a degree that causes, or is likely to cause, based on the best scientific information available,
This definition also covers impacts that result from human-induced alterations initiated around a previously used nest site during a time when eagles are not present, if, upon the eagle's return, such alterations agitate or bother an eagle to a degree that interferes with or interrupts normal breeding, feeding or sheltering habits, and causes injury, death or nest abandonment.
A violation of the Act can result in a fine of $100,000 ($200,000 for organizations) and imprisonment for one year for a first offense. Penalties increase substantially for additional offenses, and a second violation of this Act is a felony.
A PDF of the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act is available here.Back to the introduction
|Management at a Glance|
March 8, 2016