Conservation in a Changing Climate
Northeast Region

Climate Change in the Northeast: 


Mark Anderson holds a Ph.D. in Ecology from University of New Hampshire where his researched focused on the viability and spatial assessment of ecological communities in the Northern Appalachian ecoregion. He is currently Director of Conservation Science for the Eastern Region of the Nature Conservancy providing ecological analysis and developing landscape–scale assessment tools for conservation efforts across eight ecoregions.  He has worked as an ecologist for the Conservancy for fifteen years and is co-author of the National Vegetation Classification. His research interests are in ecosystem dynamics, population demographics, disturbance processes, spatial scale and landscape properties.

Jack Buckley is the Deputy Director of the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife. His responsibilities include: Administration, Natural Heritage and Endangered Species, Information and Education, Federal Aid, Realty and Legislative Affairs. He has a B.A. degree in History from Ripon College in Wisconsin and a B.S. and M.S. in Fisheries Biology from the University of Massachusetts.

Catherine Burns joined the faculty of the University of Maine’s Wildlife Ecology Department in September 2007.  Her research is motivated by an interest in addressing ecological questions within the context of wildlife conservation. She is particularly interested in the interface between animal behavior and wildlife conservation, and typically uses field observations and experiments in her research, although she also uses modeling and molecular techniques as needed. Specifically, Dr. Burns focuses on how insights from animal behavior can enhance our ability to predict how natural systems respond to human-induced landscape changes. Her dissertation research was conducted in northeastern Connecticut and addressed the importance of behavior, specifically territorial interactions, in determining how populations of small mammals respond to habitat loss (logging and prescribed burning). As a post-doctoral fellow, she investigated the response of large ungulates to fire-managed grassland ecosystems in South Africa (with native herbivores such as giraffes, rhino, zebra, wildebeest) and North America (native bison). More recently, Dr. Burns and her colleagues have been investigating patterns of mammal distribution and abundance across an urbanization gradient in New York. Funding for new research on the impacts of urbanization on mammals, birds, amphibians and plants in the New York metropolitan region has recently been secured. Dr. Burns earned her bachelor’s degree from Emory University and her Doctorate from Yale University. Additional information can be found at:

Terry Cook is the Regional Science Director of the Conservancy’s 14-state Eastern U.S. Conservation Region, providing strategic direction and support to the region and associated state chapters, and overseeing and managing regional conservation staff in science, freshwater and marine conservation. Terry is member of Conservancy's national Science Leadership Team and the Conservancy's Technology and Information Systems Cabinet. He has actively supported the Conservancy’s international efforts in places like Palau, Pohnpei, Solomon Islands, Mexico, Central America, and Canada. He is currently a member of the Conservancy’s Africa Council and supports key conservation partnerships in Tanzania. Increasingly his work has been focused on the application of developing climate adaptation strategies and tools to conservation.

Robert W. Corell joined The Heinz Center as the new Global Change Director on December 1, 2006. Before coming to The Heinz Center, Dr. Corell served as a Senior Policy Fellow at the Policy Program of the American Meteorological Society and an Affiliate of the Washington Advisory Group. He recently completed an appointment that began in January 2000 as a Senior Research Fellow in the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. Dr. Corell is actively engaged in research concerned with the sciences of global change and the interface between science and public policy, particularly research activities that are focused on global and regional climate change, related environmental issues, and science to facilitate understanding of vulnerability and sustainable development. He co-chairs an international strategic planning group that is developing a strategy designed to harness science, technology, and innovation for sustainable development, serves as the Chair of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, counsels as Senior Science Advisor to ManyOne.Net, and is Chair of the Board of the Digital Universe Foundation. Dr. Corell was Assistant Director for Geosciences at the National Science Foundation where he had oversight for the Atmospheric, Earth, and Ocean Sciences and the global change programs of the National Science Foundation (NSF). He was also a professor and academic administrator at the University of New Hampshire. Dr. Corell is an oceanographer and engineer by background and training, having received Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. degrees at Case Western Reserve University and MIT.

Bill Dauer is with the U.S. Forest Service.

Ellen Denny is the Coordinator of the Northeast Regional Phenology Network. She is also currently involved with data management at Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. She received her Bachelors degree from Brown University in Aquatic Biology and a Masters degree in 1997 from the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Science. She previously worked for the U.S. Forest Service and The Nature Conservancy. Her research interests are forest vegetation dynamics. Forest regeneration, and phenology.

Virginia Farley is Director of Leadership Programs for the Conservation Study Institute of the National Park Service located at the Marsh Billings Rockefeller National Historical Park in Woodstock, Vermont. The Institute provides technical assistance and leadership development for park managers, heritage areas, and regional and national programs through demonstration projects, sharing lessons learned, and building networks for peer support and information exchange.

Virginia is program director for the Superintendents’ Leadership Roundtable and is involved in a variety of Institute initiatives on community engagement, partnerships, and 21st century relevancy. She also conducts workshops and seminars on a variety of conservation topics and issues.

Virginia has worked in the conservation field for many years including as a Regional Director for the Vermont Land Trust where for 22 years she protected important open space properties for their agricultural, forestry, wildlife habitat, historic, scenic, and recreational values. She holds a B.S. in Natural Resource Conservation and Masters Degree in Environmental Law.

Michael J. Fogarty is a Senior Scientist with the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service located in Woods Hole, MA. He received his BS, MS, and PhD from the University of Rhode Island. He also holds faculty positions with the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Dr. Fogarty’s recent publications focused on marine protected areas and marine populations. From 1997 to 2002 he served on the steering committee for the U.S. Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics Program. He also serves on the Coastal Ocean Observation Panel of the Global Ocean Observing System and the International Steering Committee for the Global Ocean Observing System and is a Fellow WHOI/NOAA Cooperative Institute for Climate and Ocean Research.

Mary Foley is the Acting Associate Director, National Park Service

Grover Fugate is the Executive Director of the Coastal Resources Management Council. Mr. Fugate graduated from the University of Connecticut in 1976, with a degree in Natural Resource Management. After graduation Mr. Fugate worked in Canada in a series of positions including Forester, Land Use Planner, with the Department of Agriculture, Regional Resource Planner, with the Crown Lands Branch, and Director of Shore Zone Management. In 1984, Mr. Fugate completed his MBA from Memorial with a program specialization in resource policy analysis.

In 1986, Mr. Fugate moved to Rhode Island to assume the duties of the Executive Director of the Coastal Resources Management Council. The council is an independent state agency, set up to be the principle planning and management agency for the state’s coastal areas. Mr. Fugate's current duties include, the day to day administration of the Rhode Island Coastal Resource Management Program for the State of Rhode Island. As part of his duties Mr. Fugate is the council’s and states representative to a number of boards, commissions, task forces, and other coastal related organizations. Mr. Fugate also holds an adjunct faculty position at the University of Rhode Island and is a guest lecturer at Brown University and Roger Williams University Law School. He is also a trainer at the Coastal Resources Center for Integrated Coastal Management.

He is the recipient of several citations from the Governor and the Legislature for his work in Coastal Management and Community Service. Mr. Fugate has published articles on various issues in coastal and natural resource management.

Hector Galbraith is the Director, Climate Change Initiative – Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences. He is one of the leading scientists in the field of evaluating the current and future impacts of climate change on ecological resources and of developing science-based adaptation strategies. The results of his research have been published in over 60 papers and chapters in books and peer-reviewed journals. He has carried out research projects for U.S. federal and state agencies into the likely impacts of global climate change on ecosystems, including evaluating the potential impacts of sea level rise on coastal ecosystems; how climate change might affect services provided by ecosystems in California and Arizona; developing an analytical framework for assessing species’ vulnerabilities to climate change; and predicting the potential impacts of climate change on alpine tundra habitats and animals in the U.S. He has written a major report for the PEW Charitable Trust on the observed effects of climate change in Rocky Mountain National Park, edited and contributed to a major report from the American Bird Conservancy on ecosystem vulnerability in the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area in southern Arizona.

Kitty Griswold is a Research Geneticist at the U.S. Geological Survey’s Conte Anadromous Fish Research Center, Turners Falls, MA. She received her PhD in Fisheries Science at Oregon State University.

Dr. Holly Hartman is a lead project manager for the Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS) project at the University of Arizona. Her research and applications focus on using hydroclimatic information for resource management, improving water and climate forecasts, assessing forecast skill, developing water resources scenarios, and developing decision support tools. Within CLIMAS, stakeholder and social science input prompted her to shift her research emphasis from hydrologic modeling improvements to forecast assessment and communication. Before joining the University of Arizona, she was a NOAA research hydrologist, focused on Great Lakes water supply forecasting and water resource management issues. Dr. Hartmann serves in committee and advisory capacity for numerous professional societies and the US Climate Change Science Program. She received her PhD in Hydrology and Water Resources from the University of Arizona and her MS in Water Resources Management fro the University of Michigan.

Sarah Hines is a Presidential Management Fellow with Northeastern Area State & Private Forestry and the Northern Research Station branches of the USDA Forest Service. Before joining the Forest Service, Sarah worked in Ford Motor Company’s Sustainable Business Strategies Office, on Base-of-the-Pyramid initiatives with SC Johnson in Ghana, and on sustainable ranching and farming issues with the Rural Landscape Institute in Bozeman, Montana. Sarah earned an A.B. in biological anthropology from Harvard University and an MBA and MS (in environmental policy) from the University of Michigan. In her current position, she has focused on issues related to climate change mitigation and adaptation, and the potential for private landowners to engage in emerging carbon markets and greenhouse gas registries.

Glenn Hodgkins has been working as a Hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Maine and Indiana since 1990. Much of his current research is focused on historical trends in water-related variables in eastern North America such as river flows, river ice, lake ice, and snowpack, and on their relation with meteorological variables. He is lead author or co-author on 20 journal articles and USGS publications in this area since 2002. Other areas of research include river flooding and bridge scour. Glenn received his Bachelors Degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Maine and Masters Degree in Engineering from Purdue University.

Coeli Hoover is a research ecologist with the US Forest Service. She is particularly interested in understanding how current forest management practices affect the potential of forests to store carbon, both below and above the ground. Additionally she is interested in assessing the effects of common land management prescriptions on aboveground carbon stocks at the stand and forest level.  She earned her Bachelor’s degree from the University of Pittsburgh and her Doctorate from the University of Georgia. She expects her future research to gain a clearer picture of the relative importance of climate, forest type, soils, disturbance history, etc., in determining how much carbon a forest can store above and below the ground to develop management practices for enhancing forest carbon sequestration.

Additional information can be found at:

Thomas G. Huntington is a research hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Augusta, Maine. He took his Bachelor’s degree at Cornell University in 1974 in biology/ecology and his Ph.D. in soil science from the University of Kentucky in 1984. His professional career began with a postdoctoral research fellowship in the Environmental Studies Program at Dartmouth College. He then worked as a Research Assistant Professor at the University of Pennsylvania. In these positions he studied small watershed biogeochemical processes related to the effects of forest harvesting and acidic deposition on forest soils. In 1990 he took a position as a research hydrologist with the U. S. Geological Survey where he has worked through the present.

In recent years his research has focused on carbon cycling at larger river basin scales and on hydrologic responses to climate change. He has studied hydrologic responses to climate change at spatial scales ranging from single river basins to the global scale.  His experience in this area includes both time series analysis of historical data and projections for changes in hydrologic variables during the 21st century. He is particularly interested in studying the processes by which climate change influences carbon cycling in terrestrial systems. He has authored or coauthored more than 36 research papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals, 8 book chapters, 7 conference proceedings, and various USGS series publications including Fact Sheets, Open File Reports, and Interpretive Reports. He served as an expert reviewer for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) Working Group II Report: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability and the forthcoming IPCC Technical Paper on Climate Change and Water.

Douglas Inkley is a certified wildlife biologist with expertise in ecology and wildlife management, and is the National Wildlife Federation’s Senior Scientist. Inkley has worked on a broad diversity of wildlife issues including endangered species conservation, state wildlife funding, national wildlife refuge legislation, waterfowl conservation and wetlands conservation. Frequently working with the media and as a public speaker, his current focus is on the impacts of global climate change on fish and wildlife resources. Inkley served as Chair of The Wildlife Society’s Global Climate Change and Wildlife Technical Review Committee and was the lead author of the 2004 report Global Climate Change and Wildlife in North America published by The Wildlife Society. He received the 2005 Conservation Education Award from The Wildlife Society as the lead author of the Global Climate Change and Wildlife in North America. He received the 2007 Communications Award from Ducks Unlimited for work on publicizing climate change impacts on wildlife. Inkley studied wildlife ecology throughout his academic career, with degrees in zoology and physiology (Ph.D.-University of Wyoming), natural resources planning (M.S.-University of Vermont) and wildlife management (B.S.-Michigan State University).

Joseph Kelley is with the University of Maine, Orono, Maine. Dr. Kelley is a marine geologist who enjoys working on basic scientific research problems that have societal implications. He has worked on sediment provenance problems and used both physical and chemical signatures to track sediment (Kelley, 1984). He has become interested the response of developed and pristine shorelines to sea-level change. This work involves measuring changes in sea level (Kelley et al., 1992; 1995; Barnhardt et al., 1997; Cooper et al., 1998), as well as monitoring and mapping coastal regions with the intent of providing information to the public (Kelley et al., 1984, 1989; Bryant et al., 1998). In recent years he has mapped the seafloor of the Gulf of Maine (Barnhardt et al., 1996; 1998), and developed interests in phenomena like gas-escape pockmarks (Kelley et al., 1994) and cold-water carbonates (Barnhardt and Kelley, 1995). He is currently working on funded projects to 1) map landslide hazards along the Maine coast; 2) evaluate the causes of violent methane escape and pockmark formation; 3) profile Maine\'s sandy developed beaches and involve homeowner-volunteers in the research; 4) measure the response of salt marsh plants and animals to changes in a tidal regime caused by inlet dredging.

Christina Marts is the Resource Manager for Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park in Woodstock, Vermont. The park is the oldest managed forest in the United States and is dedicated to interpreting the history of conservation and demonstrating contemporary stewardship practices. In 2005, Christina led the park’s successful effort to receive one of the first Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certifications of a federally-managed forest. Prior to joining the park service in 2001, Christina served as a landscape architect at a community design assistance center in Pennsylvania focusing on sustainable community design, ecological planning and youth civic engagement.

Brenda McComb is Professor and Associate Dean for Research and Outreach at the University of Massachusetts. Her research efforts focus on quantifying the effects of land management practices on the abundance and distribution of vertebrates as a result of habitat change. Land management activities including forest management and development have local effects and can have cumulative impacts on habitat availability for terrestrial vertebrates. Considering the potential impacts on biodiversity prior to taking a management action can help to minimize adverse effects of management and identify key areas for habitat restoration. Dr. McComb’s current projects are monitoring changes in habitat and populations of forest floor vertebrates in thinned stands of the Oregon Cascades, assessing patterns of habitat availability for vertebrates in eastern Washington, Habitat patterns and trends for focal wildlife species under current land policies in the Oregon Coast Range, and Assessing animal associations with watershed condition in Oregon and Massachusetts.

Additional information can be found at:

Julie Thomas McNamee is the National Park Service Air Quality Liaison for the Washington headquarters office, where she communicates the efforts of the NPS Air Resources Division with the NPS and DOI offices. She is also Climate Change Liaison and Climate Friendly Parks representative for the Natural Resources Stewardship and Science Division. The Climate Friendly Parks program is a partnership between NPS and EPA to help parks understand the implications of Climate Change for their parks, to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and adaptively manage park in the face of climate change, and to educate the public about the importance of reducing greenhouse gases and how to accomplish it. The program has conducted 14 workshops and developed a greenhouse gas emissions inventory tool for parks to use.

Previously, Julie served as EPA's Air Quality Liaison to the Chesapeake Bay Program where she assisted in evaluating and predicting the effects of air pollution emissions reductions on the nutrient and chemical contaminant loads to the Bay. Before that, she also served as Air Quality Program Manager at Shenandoah National Park where she coordinated the negotiations of air permits between the National Park Service and the Commonwealth of Virginia; managed the research on air pollution effects; conducted public outreach and drafted the Park's Air Quality Management Plan. Ms. McNamee holds an MA in Teaching from the University of North Carolina and a BS in Wildlife and Fisheries Science from the University of Tennessee.

Sarah Woodhouse Murdock serves as the Climate Change Program Manager for the Eastern U.S. Conservation Region at The Nature Conservancy spending her time focused on policy, advocacy, communications and education related activities, and executing projects that inform our policy work. Prior to working at the Nature Conservancy, Ms. Woodhouse Murdock served as a consultant working with environmental and energy clients. Prior to being a consultant, she served on the staff of United States Senator John F. Kerry of Massachusetts concentrating on environmental and energy policy. She earned her BA degree in Environmental Science with a concentration in Ecology from Colby College and MA degree in Urban and Environmental Policy from Tufts.

Teri Neyhart is an Engineer with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Region 5 in Hadley Massachusetts. She has been with the Service for 14 years, managing various funding allocations in order to complete projects. She was Private Consulting for 15 years prior to joining the Service. She is a graduate of University of Massachusetts with Bachelors in Civil Engineering and a Masters in Structural Engineering.

Daniel Odess is Assistant Director for Park Cultural Resources at the National Park Service's Central Office in Washington, DC. In that position he has responsibility for managing six cultural resources programs including archeology, ethnography, history, historic structures, cultural landscapes, and museums. An archeologist with 20 years experience conducting research in Arctic Canada, Alaska, and Russia, he came to the park service seven months ago from the University of Alaska Fairbanks, where he was associate professor and curator of archeology.

Dennis Ojima is currently a Senior Scholar at the H. John III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. He is also a Senior Research Scientist of the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory (NREL) at Colorado State University where he was Interim Director from 2005 to 2006. Dr. Ojima received his BA and Masters Degree in Botany from Pomona College (1975) and the University of Florida (1978), and his PhD from the Rangeland Ecosystem Science Department at Colorado State University in 1987. His current US research contributes to the North American Carbon Project. His research areas include global change effects on ecosystem dynamics and regional climate change assessment for the Central Great Plains, as well as international efforts in Central Asia, Mongolia, and China. His research with the Chinese Academy of Sciences includes development of Regional Carbon Management. Dr. Ojima is also member on the U.S. National SCOPE Committee and member-at-large on the Governing Board of the Ecological Society of America (2005-2007).

Kevin Ortyl is the Regional Facility Manager with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Region 5 in Hadley Massachusetts. He has been with the Service for 8 years, as the Refuges representative on various construction and maintenance projects. Prior to joining the Service, he was a facility manager for 7 years with the National Park Service's National Mall and Memorial's National Park - Washington D.C. He is a graduate of the State University of New York - with a Bachelors of Science in Architecture and a graduate of Virginia Tech with a Masters in Architecture.

Andrew Pitz is Vice President of Strategic Policy & Planning at Natural Lands Trust (NLT) in Media, Pennsylvania. At NLT for twenty years, he has overseen the preparation and execution of strategic plans, protection programs, and stewardship plans for hundreds of projects. He has also been active with the Pennsylvania Land Trust Association, as founding board member and President. Before coming to NLT, Andy was a project manager in a consulting design firm, and a landscape architect with the U.S. Forest Service.

Concerned about the impact of climate change on land trusts Andy has been researching the relationship between land conservation and climate change for the past 3 years. He received intensive training conducted by the Climate Project (a group founded by Al Gore) in January, 2007. He is working with a small group of senior colleagues around the country on the larger issues surrounding humanity’s relationship with the land, including investigating theories of human and societal change. Andy has made hundreds of presentations at numerous conferences, seminars, workshops and meetings on land, conservation and environmental topics, usually in front of professional and business audiences.

Timothy O. Randhir is an Associate Professor of Watershed Management and Water Quality with the Department of Natural Resources Conservation, University of Massachusetts, MA 01003. Dr. Randhir received his Ph.D. from Purdue University in 1995 and did post doctoral work at Purdue University before joining University of Massachusetts as a faculty in 1997. His primary interests include: watershed management, water quality policy, climate change, water resources, ecological economics, dynamic systems modeling and optimization, GIS and spatial analysis, Institutional economics, land use policy, international trade and development, common pool resource management, nonpoint source pollution, and natural resources policy. He is the author of a book on Watershed Management and has published more than 26 refereed articles in leading journals like Water Resources Research, Climatic Change, Journal of Hydrology, Water Policy, Forest Ecology and Management, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, and Journal of American water Resources Association.


David Reynolds has thirty years professional experience in the park and wildlife management field in the United States and other countries.  He presently serves as the Chief, Natural Resources Stewardship and Science Division, Northeast Region, National Park Service. He oversees over forty professional staff that provides assistance to national parks in the northeastern United States in a wide variety of technical areas ranging from exotic plant management control to vital signs monitoring. David has conducted short-term community forestry, environmental education and/or park management consulting assignments in over twenty countries for agencies such as the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Peace Corps and the U.S. Agency for International Development. 

Ron Rozsa is a plant ecologist with the Coastal Management Program of the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. Ron has been studying tidal wetlands for 40 years, restoring degraded tidal marshes for 30 years and co-authored the nomination document that lead to the designation of the downstream section of the CT River as Wetlands of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention.

Stephen B. Russell is the Fleet Superintendent for the City of Keene, New Hampshire. If it rolls in the City of Keene, Steve is responsible for keeping it rolling. The vehicles of police, fire, rescue, public works, water, wastewater, and the recycling center are all part of the City Fleet. The City Fleet has been using Biodiesel for over six years and has been recognized nationally for its use. In 2004 Keene’s Fleet Services Division was the recipient of The State of New Hampshire Governor’s Award for Pollution Prevention, recognizing it for its work in Biodiesel and other pollution prevention work. The city’s use of Biodiesel has also been noted in several national publications. The September 2003 New York Times Magazine, the September 2004 Clean Cities News, and the December 2006 Fleet Executive have all documented the positive impact Biodiesel has had for the city environment and Steve’s role in spearheading its use.

Steve has been managing Fleets for over 18 years. Prior to managing Keene’s Municipal Fleet, Steve managed a Corporate Fleet with over 2,000 vehicles located at all ends of the United States.

Steve is on the Board of Directors for the New England Chapter of the National Association of Fleet Administrators and is the Chair of the Fuel and Technology committee for the National Organization. He is a graduate of Springfield College with a degree in Community Leadership and Development.

Lynn Scarlett was confirmed as Deputy Secretary of the Department of the Interior in November 2005, a post she took on after 4 years as the Department's Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management and Budget.

Ms. Scarlett coordinates Interior's environmental policy initiatives to implement the President's executive order on cooperative conservation, serving on the White House Cooperative Conservation Task Force. She co-chairs the President and First Lady's Preserve America initiative on historic preservation and heritage tourism.

Prior to joining the Bush Administration in July 2001, she was President of the Los Angeles-based Reason Foundation, a nonprofit current affairs research and communications organization.

Ms. Scarlett is author of numerous publications on incentive-based environmental policies. Ms. Scarlett received her B.A. and M.A. in political science from the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she also completed her Ph.D. coursework and exams in political science and political economy.

Justin Sheffield is a researcher in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Princeton University. He received his undergraduate degree (BSc, mathematics and oceanography) from the University of Southampton, UK, and his masters (MSc, engineering mathematics) from the University of Newcastle, UK. He received his PhD in hydroclimatology from the University of Wageningen, Netherlands. He has been a research hydrologist for 15 years working in the UK and USA on a wide range of hydrologic problems, including flood forecasting, desertification, solute transport, and the hydrological impacts of land use and climate change. He has been at Princeton for 7 years where he has worked on modeling and observing the terrestrial water and energy budgets across a range of scales. His current interests center on the global land surface hydrological cycle and particularly the question of whether the hydrologic cycle is intensifying in response to climate change and global warming. Recent work has focused on how water availability and drought have changed globally over the 20th century and the prospects for changes in drought frequency and severity in the future. He has authored several scientific articles on climate change and variability and its interactions with terrestrial hydrology and is a reviewer for journals that publish in the fields of climate, hydrology, remote sensing and natural hazards. He was a member of the scientific team for the recent Union of Concerned Scientists Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment (NECIA) and co-wrote the hydrologic impacts section. The NECIA has recently released a comprehensive report on recent and projected climate change in the U.S. northeast, the potential impacts, and an assessment of mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Mark P. Smith is the Director of the Eastern U.S. Freshwater Program for The Nature Conservancy (TNC). The Freshwater Program works with the Conservancy’s fourteen State Programs from Virginia to Maine to develop and implement conservation strategies to protect the natural biodiversity of freshwater systems.

Prior to joining The Nature Conservancy, Mark spent six years as the Director of Water Policy at the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs (EOEA). Prior to working for the State of Massachusetts, Mark spent six years with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Boston as the project manager for the Casco Bay Estuary Project, part of EPA’s National Estuary Program. He has a Masters degree in Urban and Environmental Policy from Tufts University and a bachelor’s degree from Washington University in St. Louis.

Michael Smith is with ICF International. He is an expert in the National Environmental Policy Act and how to create concise, legally defensible EAs and EISs that properly address climate change impacts.

Chris Steuer, of ICF International, is the technical lead for the Climate Friendly Parks Program--a joint partnership between NPS and EPA focused on climate change education and outreach. Mr. Steuer developed the program's greenhouse gas emission inventory and action planning tool, has helped prepare emission inventories for over 10 national parks, developed the Pennsylvania State University's greenhouse gas inventory, and annually helps prepare the official U.S. greenhouse gas inventory submission to the United Nations.

Wendi Weber is the Deputy Regional Director in the Northeast Region of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). During her career she has also worked as an Assistant Regional Director for Ecological Services in the Midwest Region, Chief of the Endangered Species Division in the Pacific Northwest, and as a staff biologist in Endangered Species and International Affairs in Washington, D.C. Before coming to the FWS Wendi worked as a Fishery Biologist for Florida Department of Environmental Protection and Georgia Department of Natural Resources.  Wendi received a Bachelors degree in zoology from the University of Rhode Island and a Masters Degree in fisheries from the Warnell School of Forest Resources at the University of Georgia. Wendi and her husband Jon have two sons, Bailey and Clay and currently reside Amherst, Massachusetts.

Leslie Weldon is an External Affairs Officer with the U.S Forest Service. Leslie’s 25-year career with the Forest Service began in 1981 as a summer hire monitoring seedlings, fighting forest fires, and surveying Spotted Owls on the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest in the state of Washington. After receiving her Bachelor’s Degree in Biological Sciences from Virginia Tech in 1983, she was hired as a fisheries biologist for three districts on the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest where she worked restoring habitat for salmon and steelhead. Leslie has also served as District Ranger on the Stevensville Ranger District, Bitterroot National Forest; Forest Service Liaison to the U.S. Army Environmental Center at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland; Executive Policy Assistant to Forest Service Chief Mike Dombeck; and as Forest Supervisor for the Deschutes National Forest in Bend, Oregon. Leslie is currently the Director of External Affairs, Office of the Chief for the U.S. Forest Service in Washington, D.C. Leslie assumed this Senior Executive Service leadership role in June, 2007. Throughout her career, Leslie has served on several boards and organizations. She currently works with the Pinchot Institute for Conservation and the National Forest Foundation Advisory Council.

Dr. Leigh Welling has been serving as the Climate Change Coordinator for NPS since October 2007. She coordinates activities on climate change relating to programs in natural resources and science and links these efforts to other program areas internal and external to the NPS. Her primary emphasis is toward helping national, regional, and park programs and staff develop and implement strategies for effectively responding to the challenges that climate change presents to resources management and park operations. Previously, she was Director of the Crown of the Continent Research Learning Center at Glacier National Park for 4.5 years and served as National Coordinator for the 17 existing NPS Research Learning Centers from 2006-2008. She has a PhD and MS in oceanography from Oregon State University and a BA in geology from the University of Colorado, Boulder. Her research focused on using marine microfossils to interpret past climatic variability. Prior to joining the NPS, Dr. Welling was at the University of North Dakota where she helped establish the Northern Great Plains Center for People and the Environment and served as co-chair of the Northern Great Plains sector for the National Assessment on the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change. Her experience includes teaching and program management with emphases on science communication and development of land management and decision support tools to promote sustainable relations between humans and the environment.

S. Jeffress Williams, a senior research coastal marine geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey at the Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, Mass., has focused his research career on the geologic history and processes of coastal, estuarine, wetland, and inner continental shelf regions. He has more than 35 years research experience investigating topics such as the geologic origins and development of marine coastal and estuarine as well as Great Lakes coastal systems, Holocene to modern sea-level history, climate change effects of coasts, and the geologic origins and character of modern marine sand bodies and their importance to coastal sediment budgets. Williams has led or participated in more than 80 field studies along the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, Pacific, Irish Sea, and Great Lakes coasts and been Principal Investigator on many large and complex field projects Nation-wide.

He has published more than 300 research papers and reports and been a member on more than a dozen high-level national and state science committees including the National Academy of Sciences, National Ocean Partnership Program, 1998 National Oceans Conference, Coral Reef Task Force, Louisiana Wetlands Restoration Task Force, the Louisiana Sand Task Force, and most recently a lead author for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. In addition, he is a frequent lecturer at scientific meetings and speaks often to school students, state and local legislatures, and civic groups on coastal and climate change topics.

Prior to taking his current research position at the USGS Woods Hole Science Center, Williams directed the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program from1996 to 2000, USGS headquarters, Reston, VA. This involved managing and directing 250 staff carrying out more than 100 research projects at USGS research centers in Woods Hole, St Petersburg, and Menlo Park/Santa Cruz. Prior to joining the USGS in 1983, Williams was a research marine geologist with the Coastal Engineering Research Center and an invited visiting scientist at the Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Taunton, UK. He earned degrees in geology and oceanography from Allegheny College and Lehigh University and completed military service as a commissioned officer in the Army Corps of Engineers.

Williams’ current research focus is on three main topics: 1) leading a national synthesis and assessment of the state-of-science about offshore marine sand and gravel aggregates, including new geologic maps of offshore areas; 2) assessing the risk and vulnerability of U.S. coastal regions to climate change and predicted rise in relative sea-level and increased storm activity; and 3) serving as a scientific advisor to system-scale coastal and wetland ecosystem restoration activities underway in Louisiana following Katrina.

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Last updated: December 16, 2011