Conserving the Nature of America
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Protects Five Species of Birds in Colombia and Ecuador as Endangered

October 28, 2013


Division of Public Affairs
External Affairs
Telephone: 703-358-2220

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced a final rule to list four Colombian bird
species—the blue-billed curassow (Crax alberti), brown-banded antpitta (Grallaria milleri), Cauca guan (Penelope perspicax), and gorgeted wood-quail (Odontophorus strophium)—and one Ecuadorian bird species—the Esmeraldas woodstar (Chaetocercus berlepschi)—as endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). 
The Service found that the five species are endangered throughout their ranges due to multiple threats including habitat destruction, fragmentation, and degradation; predation; inadequacy of regulatory mechanisms; and the small size and isolation of the remaining populations. Overexploitation by humans also poses a threat to three of the species (gorgeted wood-quail, Cauca guan, and blue-billed curassow).
The final rule will publish in the Federal Register on October 29, 2013, and will be effective in 30 days on November 29, 2013. The Federal Register publication of the rule is available online at by clicking on the 2013 Final Rules.
Addition of a foreign species to the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife places restrictions on the importation of either the animal or its parts. Listing can also generate conservation benefits, such as increasing awareness of the species, prompting research efforts to address their conservation needs, or funding conservation in range countries.
 The ESA provides a critical safety net for fish, wildlife and plants and to date has prevented the extinction of hundreds of imperiled species, as well as promoting the recovery of many others. The Service is actively engaged with conservation partners and the public in the search for improved and innovative ways to conserve and recover imperiled species.
To learn more about the Endangered Species program’s Branch of Foreign Species, visit:

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