U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Homepage
North Carolina Ecological Services

Region 4 Link

Activity Highlights


Contaminants - Ecological Toxicology

Habitat Conservation

Partners for Fish and Wildlife

Outreach and Education



North Carolina's Threatened and Endangered Species

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Endangered Species Program (http://endangered.fws.gov) is dedicated to working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats, and reverse the alarming trend of human-caused extinctions that threatened the ecosystems we all share.

Why should we be concerned about the loss of species?  Extinction is a natural process.  Normally, new species develop through a process known as speciation at about the same rate that other species become extinct.  However, because of air and water pollution, over-hunting, extensive deforestation, the loss of wetlands, and other man-induced impacts, extinctions are now occurring at a rate that far exceed the speciation rate.  Each extinction diminishes the diversity and complexity of life on Earth.  The loss of a single species may seem insignificant.  However, all life on Earth is interconnected.  If enough "living connections" are broken, entire ecosystems could fail and the balance of nature could be forever altered.

The United States Congress recognized that many of our Nation's valuable plant and wildlife resources have been lost and that others are imperiled.  The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (pdf 266KB) provides a means to help preserve these species and their habitats for future generations.  An “endangered” species is one that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.   A “threatened” species is one that is likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future.

Endangered and Threatened Species - The Service maintains a list, organized by county, of threatened, endangered, and candidate species and federal species of concern native to North Carolina [also available without frames].  A complete list of North Carolina's threatened and endangered species is available in pdf format (470KB), as well as .xls and ISO-standard .ods formats. 

Species Descriptions - Threatened and endangered species, their status, range and habitat.

Reptiles and Amphibians
Insects and Spiders
Mussels and Snails

Interagency Coordination and Consultation - Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act directs all federal agencies to use their existing authorities to conserve threatened and endangered species and, in consultation with the Service, to ensure that their actions do not jeopardize listed species or destroy or adversely modify critical habitat.  Section 7 applies to the management of federal lands as well as other federal actions that may affect listed species, such as federal approval of private activities through the issuance of federal funding, permits, licenses, or other actions.

Current Recovery Initiatives

Publications - Articles, Technical Reports, Guidance, Recovery Plans, etc.

For additional information regarding endangered species, please visit the Service's Endangered Species Program website.

Do you need additional help?  Questions related to the Service's endangered species program or other program activities can be addressed to the appropriate staff from our Asheville or Raleigh Field Offices.

Other Sites of Interest

Return to:

North Carolina Ecological Services Home Page

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Southeast Region Home Page

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Home Page