The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has a long tradition of scientific excellence and always uses the best-available science to inform its work to conserve fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitat for the benefit of the American public.
Created in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt, today's National Wildlife Refuge System protects habitats and wildlife across the country, from the Alaskan tundra to subtropical wetlands. Managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Refuge System's 560-plus refuges cover more than 150 million acres and protect nearly 1,400 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
While national wildlife refuges were created to protect wildlife, they are for people too. Refuges are ideal places for people of all ages to explore and connect with the natural world. We invite you to learn more about and visit the national wildlife refuges and wetland management districts in Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming.
The Mountain-Prairie Region's Office of Ecological Services (ES) works to restore and protect healthy populations of fish, wildlife, and plants and the environments upon which they depend. Using the best available science, ES personnel work with Federal, State, Tribal, local, and non-profit stakeholders, as well as private land owners, to avoid, minimize, and mitigate threats to our Nation's natural resources.
Providing leadership in the conservation of migratory bird habitat through partnerships, grants, and outreach for present and future generations. The Migratory Bird Program is responsible for maintaining healthy migratory bird populations for the benefit of the American people.
The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Fish and Aquatic Conservation Program in the Mountain-Prairie Region helps conserve, protect, and enhance aquatic resources and provides economically valuable recreational fishing to anglers across the country. The program comprises 12 National Fish Hatcheries.
Law enforcement is essential to virtually every aspect of wildlife conservation. The Office of Law Enforcement contributes to Service efforts to manage ecosystems, save endangered species, conserve migratory birds, preserve wildlife habitat, restore fisheries, combat invasive species, and promote international wildlife conservation.
External Affairs staff in the Mountain-Prairie Region of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service provides support to the regional office and field stations to communicate and facilitate information about the Service's programs to the public, media, Congress, Tribes, partners, and other stakeholders in the 8-state region.
Bull trout. Credit: J Sartore, National Geographic.
We use a combination of art and science to set general goals and objectives. The "art" involves building trust and credibility with private landowners and partners. This is a critical step in achieving success. The "science" involves using data on habitat degredation, species use, and habitat assessments to set priorities for restoration.
Montana Partners for Fish and Wildlife wetland projects generally involve restoration by ditch plugs. Uplands projects consist of enhancing/restoring native plant communities by developing and implementing grazing management plans. Riparian/in-stream restoration is accomplished using natural channel design and re-vegetation with native plants and implementing grazing management plans.
Private lands are a key component of virtually every ecosystem. The ecosystem management "toolbox" must include a private lands tool. Partners for Fish and Wildlife fits that need. In a landscape or watershed approach, Partners for Fish and Wildlife can link habitat projects between public and private lands.
Montana Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program projects illustrate spring creek habitat restoration. Spring creeks originate where ground water rises to the surface, and water flow is usually constant throughout the year.
Restore In-Stream Fish Habitat
Restore Riparian Habitat
Provide Habitat for Migratory Birds
Reduce Conflicts between Irrigation and Fish/Wildlife