The Big Dry Arm Spring Storm in the Great Basin Red Cliffs Desert Tortoise Reserve March Morning on the Platte River After a Spring Storm in the Great Basin Hunting Upland Birds at Kingsbury Lake Waterfowl Production Area Sandhill Migration on the Platte River Badlands Sunrise The Green River at Ouray NWR North Park Lupines Moab Sunset
Refuge System - Planning
Mountain-Prairie Region
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Comprehensive Conservation Plan

Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge—Kansas

The plan | Documents | Open / close all

Image of the plan cover showing purple coneflowers.

Plan cover showing purple coneflowers.

The comprehensive conservation plan sets the management and use of the Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge for 15 years. This refuge in north-central Kansas is an overlay on Kirwin Reservoir, which was built for irrigation and flood control. The Service manages activities on the land and water, while water level control of the reservoir rests with the Kirwin Irrigation District, United States Bureau of Reclamation, and United States Army Corps of Engineers.

The purpose of the refuge is "for the conservation, maintenance, and management of wildlife, resources thereof, and its habitat thereon … in behalf of the National Migratory Bird Management Program" (Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act).

  • Established in 1954 as the first national wildlife refuge in Kansas.
  • Comprises 10,778 acres.
  • Located in Phillips County, west of the town of Kirwin.

Completed Plan Contacts

The Service completed this plan in 2006.

Refuge Address

Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge
702 East Xavier Road
Kirwin, Kansas 67644

Refuge Telephone

785 / 543 6673

Refuge Email

Refuge Website

Kirwin NWR

Habitats on Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge consist of prairie grassland, cropland, open water, shoreline, wetlands, and wooded riparian areas. The refuge lies in an area where the tallgrass prairies of the East meet the short-grass plains of the West. Because of this merging of prairies and plains, grasses and wildlife common to both habitats occur on the refuge.

Visitors to the refuge enjoy recreational activities such as hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, and wildlife photography. Each year, between 40,000 to 90,000 people recreate at the refuge, depending on the water level and the fishing quality. The Service permits hunting in season for waterfowl, dove, pheasant, quail, turkey, prairie chicken, snipe, coot, cottontail rabbit, fox squirrel, and white-tailed deer. During a typical day in hunting season, the refuge attracts about 100 people.

The plan »

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The following are major actions in the comprehensive conservation plan:

  • Focus habitat management on waterfowl; game species; nongame species such as waterbirds, shorebirds, and prairie grassland-nesting birds; and bird species of conservation concern.
  • Restore most of the existing cropland in the uplands to prairie grassland habitat.
  • Provide recreational opportunities that are wildlife-dependent and wildlife-compatible such as those outlined in the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act—hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, photography, environmental education, and interpretation.
  • Phase out non-wildlife-dependent uses and the facilities that support them.
  • Increase management to reduce the occurrence of invasive species in shorelines, riparian areas, uplands, and transition zones.
  • Increase partnerships that promote wildlife and habitat management.

Documents »

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Comprehensive conservation plan (CCP)
CCP 2006 (3 MB PDF)

By section, for faster download:
Contents, chapters (2 MB PDF)
Appendixes (1 MB PDF)

Draft CCP and environmental assessment (EA)
Draft CCP and EA 2006 (3 MB PDF)

By section, for faster download:
Contents, chapters (2 MB PDF)
Appendixes (1 MB PDF)

Planning process documents
Notice of availability of final CCP 2007 (PDF)
Planning update 3b 2006 (PDF)
Notice of availability of draft CCP and EA 2006 (PDF)
Planning update 3a 2004 (PDF)
Planning update 2 2003 (2 MB PDF)
Planning update 1 2003 (PDF)
Notice of intent to prepare a CCP 2003 (PDF)

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with Others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American People.
Last modified: November 14, 2019
All Images Credit to and Courtesy of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Unless Specified Otherwise.
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