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The Mountain-Prairie Region


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
134 Union Boulevard
Lakewood, Colorado 80228


January 25, 2006

Contact: Valerie Fellows, 202-208-3008


 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today released a report to Congress on Federal and State government spending associated with implementation of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in fiscal year 2004. The report provides a species-by-species account of expenditures made for the conservation of endangered and threatened species.

 The Service and 30 other Federal agencies reported expenditures this fiscal year and all 50 States were involved in the reporting process. Total expenditures reported for 2004 were $1.4 billion, of which $793 million was reported as expenditures for specific individual species and $60 million was reported for land acquisition.

 Also included in the total was $559 million reported as "Other ESA Expenses," a category added to the report in fiscal year 2001 to better quantify the costs related to implementing the ESA that could not be allocated to individual species. This category includes those costs for activities such as law enforcement, recovery coordination, consultation and activities benefiting multiple species. Expenditures by all agencies for most staff salaries, operations, maintenance and other support services are also included under this category.

Because of improvements in reporting methods, the report cannot easily be compared to previous expenditures reports. The variability in costs is due to the following:

 - changes in how each agency and State calculates their expenditures;
- changes in the number of agencies reporting;
- changes in the number of listed species;
- changes in the agencies’ abilities to track expenditures.

 For more information, you can find the Endangered Species Expenditures Report for fiscal year 2004 at

 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting and enhancing fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. The Service manages the 95-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System, which encompasses 545 national wildlife refuges, thousands of small wetlands and other special management areas. It also operates 69 national fish hatcheries, 64 fishery resources offices and 81 ecological services field stations. The agency enforces federal wildlife laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign and Native American tribal governments with their conservation efforts. It also oversees the Federal Assistance program, which distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to state fish and wildlife agencies.

 - FWS -

 For more information about the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
visit our home page at


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