Spring Storm in the Great Basin Red Cliffs Desert Tortoise Reserve After a Spring Storm in the Great Basin Hunting Upland Birds at Kingsbury Lake Waterfowl Production Area Sandhill Migration on the Platte River Badlands Sunrise The Green River at Ouray NWR North Park Lupines Moab Sunset
News & Releases
Mountain-Prairie Region

News Release

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Proposes Rule on Cormorant Management

For Immediate Release

June 5, 2020

Three Double-crested Comorants perch on a wooden railing, and a fourth bird is visible below on the ground. The birds are tall, black, with bright yellow beaks
Double-crested Cormorant. Photo by Daniel Miguel, NPS

Today, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is announcing a proposed rule and associated draft environmental impact statement (DEIS) to responsibly manage conflicts associated with double-crested cormorants in the United States.

Cormorants are fish-eating birds that can have negative impacts on wild fisheries, fish hatcheries and aquaculture facilities, resulting in substantial economic impacts and human health hazards. These impacts can also be felt at our nation’s National Fish Hatchery System, which contributes to many conservation efforts as well as angling opportunities for our nation’s 58 million recreational anglers and associated economies. Double-crested cormorants are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act making any lethal control of these birds illegal without explicit authorization from the Service.

“This is the latest in a series of actions the Service is taking to balance native wildlife by responsibly managing double-created cormorant populations under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act,” said Aurelia Skipwith, Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

The rule proposes to establish a new special permit for state and federally recognized tribal wildlife agencies to undertake additional cormorant control activities when permissible. States and tribes must first attempt control using nonlethal methods and determine that those methods are ineffective before resorting to lethal control. The activities allowed under the special permit would include controlling cormorants to help reduce conflicts with wild and publicly stocked fisheries on state or tribal-owned lands. In addition, states will have additional flexibility to manage cormorants at state or tribal-owned hatcheries and release sites.

Under this new proposal, a new special permit for interested states and tribes would complement existing measures to address conflicts with cormorants to protect human health and safety, personal property and threatened and endangered species.

On January 22, 2020, the Service published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking and announced our intent to prepare a DEIS as part of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process. The public provided input, and the Service considered all comments in developing this proposed rule. A summary of those comments is included in the DEIS.

“The Association supports the development of a rule which would provide the needed flexibility for state and tribal fish and wildlife agencies to effectively manage cormorants,” said Secretary Kelly Hepler of South Dakota Game, Fish, and Parks and President of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. "We look forward to working with our federal partners to balance our conservation responsibilities while working to reduce human-wildlife conflict.”

The proposed rule will publish in the Federal Register on June 5, 2020, opening a 45-day comment period until July 20, 2020. The notice and DEIS will be available at http://www.regulations.gov, Docket Number: FWS-HQ-MB-2019-0103, and will include details on how to submit your comments.

Further information is available at https://www.fws.gov/regulations/cormorant.

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. For more information on our work and the people who make it happen in the West, visit our website, or connect with us through any of these social media channels: Facebook, Twitter, Flickr, YouTube, and Instagram.

– FWS –

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Office of External Affairs

Mountain-Prairie Region

134 Union Blvd

Lakewood, CO 80228


303-236-3815 FAX



Vanessa Kauffman
(703) 358-2138

To sign up for updates or to access your subscriber preferences, please enter your
contact information below.

govdelivery Logo


The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with Others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American People.
Last modified: June 05, 2020
All Images Credit to and Courtesy of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Unless Specified Otherwise.
flickr youtube