U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Division of Refuge Planning
Mountain-Prairie Region

Completed Plan Contacts

The Service completed this plan
in 2010.


San Luis Valley National Wildlife Refuge Complex
8249 Emperius Road
Alamosa, Colorado 81101

719 / 589 4021



Land Protection Plan

Baca National Wildlife Refuge Land Exchange



This multi-agency land exchange project involves the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management (lead agency), National Park Service, and Colorado State Land Board. An environmental assessment documents the analysis.

The project will do the following:

  • Add about 30,910 acres of State land to the Baca National Wildlife Refuge.
  • Add about 25,765 acres of State land to the Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve.
  • Add about 379 acres of State land to the Bureau of Land Management.
  • Exchange about 20,870 acres of Bureau of Land Management land to the State Land Board.


Baca National Wildlife Refuge is located in the San Luis Valley of southern Colorado, within Alamosa and Saguache counties.

With a mix of wet meadows, playas, grasslands, shrub lands, and riparian woodlands, the refuge is home to a variety of birds including waterfowl, shorebirds, and waterbirds. In addition, elk and pronghorn are common throughout the refuge.

Photograph of a playa wetland in the San Luis Valley.

Plan cover showing a vista of the area.


Environmental assessment (EA)
Decision record 2010 (PDF)
EA 2009 (18 MB PDF)

By section, for faster download:
EA sections 1.0-6.0 (6 MB PDF)
Appendix A, Public Law 106-530 (2 MB PDF)
Appendix B, Media and News Releases (PDF)
Appendix C, Cultural Resources Consultation (2 MB PDF)
Appendix D, Migratory Bird Species List (PDF)
Appendix E, Biological Assessment (9 MB PDF)

Planning process documents
News release
May 2005
News release
March 2005