U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Division of Refuge Planning
Mountain-Prairie Region

Completed Plan Contacts

The Service completed this plan
in 1998.




Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge
24141 Kansas Highway 52
Pleasanton, Kansas 66075


913 / 352 8956




Comprehensive Conservation Plan

Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge



The comprehensive conservation plan sets the management and use of the Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge for 15 years. Located along the Marais des Cygnes River in eastern Kansas, the refuge is mostly comprised of hardwood bottomland habitat. The French term "marais des cygnes" means "marsh of the swans."

The purposes for Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge are (1) "for the development, advancement, management, conservation, and protection of fish and wildlife resources"   (Fish and Wildlife Act), and (2) "to promote the conservation of migratory waterfowl and to offset or prevent the serious loss of wetlands by the acquisition of wetlands and other essential habitat" (Emergency Wetland Resources Act).

  • Established in 1992.
  • Will eventually comprise about 9,300 acres.
  • Located 39 miles south of Kansas City, Kansas, in Linn County.

The following are major actions in the comprehensive conservation plan:

  • Restore and maintain the ecotone where the oak and hickory deciduous forest meets the tallgrass prairie—including savanna, upland shrub land, and wetland—in as natural a condition as possible.
  • Reduce the amount of farmed land.
Image of the plan cover showing a wooded shoreline.


  • Increase the opportunities for recreation.
  • Develop enhanced programs for environmental education, interpretation, and outreach to provide visitors with a greater appreciation of the refuge.


Comprehensive conservation plan (CCP)
CCP 1998 (4 MB PDF)

By section, for faster download:
Approval, contents (PDF)
Introduction/background (1 MB PDF)
Resource/refuge description (2 MB PDF)
Refuge goals, objectives, and strategies (PDF)
Plan implementation (PDF)
Appendixes (1 MB PDF)

Draft CCP
Draft CCP 1998 (1 MB PDF)

Planning process documents
Notice of availability of final CCP 1998 (PDF)