South Dakota ES - Endangered Species
Mountain-Prairie Region
Graphic button showing the 8 state mountain prairie region

Engangered Species

Endangered Species Act | Recovery and Delisting | Safe Harbor Program | Habitat Conservation Plan | Candidate Conservation Program

The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection and restoration of plants and animals that are in danger of extinction. The Service identifies species that are endangered or threatened and works with other scientists to develop recovery plans. Recovery plans identify actions needed to conserve listed species and increase their numbers. Safe Harbor and Habitat Conservation Plans are two programs designed to assist with recovery of threatened or endangered species.

Candidate species are species for which the Service has information to support a threatened or endangered status, but although warranted for listing, are precluded by higher priority species. Candidate Conservation Plans are designed to assist with recovery of candidate species.

The Service also consults with other federal agencies and provides environmental recommendations on the effects of proposed federal projects.

South Dakota Species Information

Listed Species Information:

Black-footed Ferret - Endangered, Experimental
Mustela nigripes

Gray Wolf - Endangered
Canis lupus

Piping Plover - Threatened
Charadrius melodus

Interior Least Tern - Endangered
Sterna antillarum

Whooping Crane - Endangered
Grus americana

Rufa Red Knot - Threatened
Calidris canutus rufa

Eskimo Curlew - Endangered
Numenius borealis

Pallid Sturgeon - Endangered
Scaphirhynchus albus

Topeka Shiner - Endangered
Notropis topeka

Western Prairie Fringed Orchid - Threatened
Platanthera praeclara

Leedy's Roseroot - Threatened
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi

American Burying Beetle - Endangered
Nicrophorus americanus

Dakota Skipper - Endangered
Hesperia dacotae

Poweshiek Skipperling - Endangered
Oarisma poweshiek

Scaleshell Mussel* - Endangered
Leptodea leptodon

Higgins Eye Pearlymussel* - Endangered
Lampsilis higginsii

Proposed Species Infromation:

Northern Long-eared Bat
Myotis septentrionalis

Candidate Species Information:

Greater Sage-grouse
Centrocercus urophasianus

Sprague's Pipit
Anthus spragueii

Non-listed Species Information:

Black-tailed Prairie Dog
Cynomys ludovicianus

Swift Fox
Vulpes velox

Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Mountain Plover
Charadrius montanus

Black Hills American Dipper
Cinclus mexicanus

Black Hills Mountainsnail
Oreohelix cooperi

Danaus plexippus

Regal Fritillary
Speyeria idalia

* Shells of these species have been found, but no populations have been located.

Shovelnose sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus) have been listed as threatened due to similarity of appearance to the endangered pallid sturgeon. This rule extends take prohibitions to shovelnose sturgeon, shovelnose-pallid sturgeon hybrids, and their roe when associated with a commercial fishing activity in areas where pallid sturgeon and shovelnose sturgeon commonly coexist. This designation of similarity of appearance does not extend any other protections of the Act, such as the requirements to designate critical habitat, the recovery planning provisions or consultation requirements for Federal agencies under section 7.


The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with Others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American People.
Last modified: August 07, 2019
All Images Credit to and Courtesy of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Unless Specified Otherwise.
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