South Dakota Ecological Services
Mountain-Prairie Region
Graphic button showing the 8 state mountain prairie region

Engangered Species


Endangered Species Act | Recovery and Delisting | Safe Harbor Program | Habitat Conservation Plan | Candidate Conservation Program

The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection and restoration of plants and animals that are in danger of extinction. The Service identifies species that are endangered or threatened and works with other scientists to develop recovery plans.

Recovery plans identify actions needed to conserve listed species and increase their numbers.

Safe Harbor and Habitat Conservation Plans are two programs designed to assist with recovery of threatened or endangered species.

Candidate species are species for which the Service has information to support a threatened or endangered status, but although warranted for listing, are precluded by higher priority species. 

Candidate Conservation Plans are designed to assist with recovery of candidate species.

The Service also consults with other federal agencies and provides environmental recommendations on the effects of proposed federal projects.

To find out which species are listed in each county, click on the county in this map.

To download a species list (endangered, threatened and candidate) showing all the counties in which each species occurs in, click here (December 17, 2014 South Dakota Species List by County ) PDF

Click here to find out who to contact in our office for a particular species. Please note, these people may not be "experts" but will try to help you with your questions.

South Dakota Species Information


Listed Species Information:

Black-footed Ferret(6 KB) Endangered, Experimental
Mustela nigripes


Gray Wolf(11 KB) Endangered
Canis lupus


Piping Plover(10 KB) Threatened
Charadrius melodus


Interior Least Tern(9 KB) Endangered
Sterna antillarum athalassos


Whooping Crane(9 KB) Endangered
Grus americana


Rufa Red Knot
Calidris canutus rufa


Eskimo Curlew Endangered
Numenius borealis


Pallid Sturgeon (8 KB) Endangered
Scaphirhynchus albus


Topeka Shiner(5 KB) Endangered
Notropis topeka


Western Prairie Fringed Orchid (10 KB) Threatened
Platanthera praeclara


Leedy's Roseroot
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi


American Burying Beetle(11 KB) Endangered
Nicrophorus americanus


Dakota Skipper (9 KB) Website
Hesperia dacotae

Poweshiek Skipperling Website
Oarisma poweshiek

Scaleshell Mussel  * (pdf format 54 KB)Endangered
Leptodea leptodon

Higgins Eye Pearlymussel  * (pdf format 101 KB) Endangered
Lampsilis higginsii


Proposed Species Infromation:

Northern Long-eared Bat
Myotis septentrionalis

Candidate Species Information:

Greater Sage Grouse
Centrocercus urophasianus


Sprague's Pipit
Anthus spragueii

Non-listed Species Information:

Black-tailed Prairie Dog
Cynomys ludovicianus


Swift Fox
Vulpes velox


Bald Eagle (8 KB)
Haliaeetus leucocephalus


Mountain Plover  (8 KB)
Charadrius montanus


Black Hills American Dipper
Cinclus mexicanus


Black Hills Mountainsnail
Oreohelix cooperi


Danaus plexippus


Regal Fritillary
Speyeria idalia


* Shells of these species have been found, but no populations have been located. Shovelnose sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus) have been listed as threatened due to similarity of appearance to the endangered pallid sturgeon. This rule extends take prohibitions to shovelnose sturgeon, shovelnose-pallid sturgeon hybrids, and their roe when associated with a commercial fishing activity in areas where pallid sturgeon and shovelnose sturgeon commonly coexist. This designation of similarity of appearance does not extend any other protections of the Act, such as the requirements to designate critical habitat, the recovery planning provisions or consultation requirements for Federal agencies under section 7.

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with Others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American People.
Last modified: April 10, 2017
All Images Credit to and Courtesy of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Unless Specified Otherwise.
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