The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has a long tradition of scientific excellence and always uses the best-available science to inform its work to conserve fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitat for the benefit of the American public.
Created in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt, today's National Wildlife Refuge System protects habitats and wildlife across the country, from the Alaskan tundra to subtropical wetlands. Managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Refuge System's 560-plus refuges cover more than 150 million acres and protect nearly 1,400 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
While national wildlife refuges were created to protect wildlife, they are for people too. Refuges are ideal places for people of all ages to explore and connect with the natural world. We invite you to learn more about and visit the national wildlife refuges and wetland management districts in Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming.
The Mountain-Prairie Region's Office of Ecological Services (ES) works to restore and protect healthy populations of fish, wildlife, and plants and the environments upon which they depend. Using the best available science, ES personnel work with Federal, State, Tribal, local, and non-profit stakeholders, as well as private land owners, to avoid, minimize, and mitigate threats to our Nation's natural resources.
Providing leadership in the conservation of migratory bird habitat through partnerships, grants, and outreach for present and future generations. The Migratory Bird Program is responsible for maintaining healthy migratory bird populations for the benefit of the American people.
The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Fish and Aquatic Conservation Program in the Mountain-Prairie Region helps conserve, protect, and enhance aquatic resources and provides economically valuable recreational fishing to anglers across the country. The program comprises 12 National Fish Hatcheries.
Law enforcement is essential to virtually every aspect of wildlife conservation. The Office of Law Enforcement contributes to Service efforts to manage ecosystems, save endangered species, conserve migratory birds, preserve wildlife habitat, restore fisheries, combat invasive species, and promote international wildlife conservation.
External Affairs staff in the Mountain-Prairie Region of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service provides support to the regional office and field stations to communicate and facilitate information about the Service's programs to the public, media, Congress, Tribes, partners, and other stakeholders in the 8-state region.
The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection and restoration of plants and animals that are in danger of extinction. The Service identifies species that are endangered or threatened and works with other scientists to develop recovery plans.
Recovery plans identify actions needed to conserve listed species and increase their numbers.
Safe Harbor and Habitat Conservation Plans are two programs designed to assist with recovery of threatened or endangered species.
Candidate species are species for which the Service has information to support a threatened or endangered status, but although warranted for listing, are precluded by higher priority species.
Candidate Conservation Plans are designed to assist with recovery of candidate species.
The Service also consults with other federal agencies and provides environmental recommendations on the effects of proposed federal projects.
To find out which species are listed in each county, click on the county in this map.
To download a species list (endangered, threatened and candidate) showing all the counties in which each species occurs in, click here (December 17, 2014 South Dakota Species List by County ) PDF
Click here to find out who to contact in our office for a particular species. Please note, these people may not be "experts" but will try to help you with your questions.
* Shells of these species have been found, but no populations have been located.
Shovelnose sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus) have been listed as threatened due to similarity of appearance to the endangered pallid sturgeon. This rule extends take prohibitions to shovelnose sturgeon, shovelnose-pallid sturgeon hybrids, and their roe when associated with a commercial fishing activity in areas where pallid sturgeon and shovelnose sturgeon commonly coexist. This designation of similarity of appearance does not extend any other protections of the Act, such as the requirements to designate critical habitat, the recovery planning provisions or consultation requirements for Federal agencies under section 7.