The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has a long tradition of scientific excellence and always uses the best-available science to inform its work to conserve fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitat for the benefit of the American public.
Created in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt, today's National Wildlife Refuge System protects habitats and wildlife across the country, from the Alaskan tundra to subtropical wetlands. Managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Refuge System's 560-plus refuges cover more than 150 million acres and protect nearly 1,400 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
While national wildlife refuges were created to protect wildlife, they are for people too. Refuges are ideal places for people of all ages to explore and connect with the natural world. We invite you to learn more about and visit the national wildlife refuges and wetland management districts in Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming.
The Mountain-Prairie Region's Office of Ecological Services (ES) works to restore and protect healthy populations of fish, wildlife, and plants and the environments upon which they depend. Using the best available science, ES personnel work with Federal, State, Tribal, local, and non-profit stakeholders, as well as private land owners, to avoid, minimize, and mitigate threats to our Nation's natural resources.
Providing leadership in the conservation of migratory bird habitat through partnerships, grants, and outreach for present and future generations. The Migratory Bird Program is responsible for maintaining healthy migratory bird populations for the benefit of the American people.
The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Fish and Aquatic Conservation Program in the Mountain-Prairie Region helps conserve, protect, and enhance aquatic resources and provides economically valuable recreational fishing to anglers across the country. The program comprises 12 National Fish Hatcheries.
Law enforcement is essential to virtually every aspect of wildlife conservation. The Office of Law Enforcement contributes to Service efforts to manage ecosystems, save endangered species, conserve migratory birds, preserve wildlife habitat, restore fisheries, combat invasive species, and promote international wildlife conservation.
External Affairs staff in the Mountain-Prairie Region of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service provides support to the regional office and field stations to communicate and facilitate information about the Service's programs to the public, media, Congress, Tribes, partners, and other stakeholders in the 8-state region.
Maguire daisy. Credit: Michelle Dela-cruz, National Park Service.
The recovery of listed species is the cornerstone and ultimate purpose of the Endangered Species Program and an underlying premise for all of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s recovery actions. It is the process by which listed species and their ecosystems are restored and their future is safeguarded to the point that protections under the Endangered Species Act are no longer needed. There are multiple steps and aspects to our recovery program that we work with as we conserve and restore listed species:
We develop recovery outlines and recovery plans for listed species which are important tools to guide the recovery process and measure progress towards recovery.
We work collaboratively with our partners to implement actions that are considered necessary to recover the species and their habitats.
We issue recovery permits to allow people to do research that furthers our understanding of listed species for the purposes of assisting in recovery efforts and other conservation related actions with listed species.
We conduct periodic status assessments, such as 5-year reviews, to monitor the condition of species and their associated threats.
We reclassify and delist species as their status improves and stabilizes to the point that recovery has been achieved.
We monitor species for a minimum of 5 years once they have been delisted due to recovery to ensure the lasting effectiveness of management actions and the continuing stability of the species.