Migratory Bird Program
Conserving the Nature of America

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Council for the Conservation of Migratory Birds

Avian Conservation Resources
For Avoiding and Minimizing Human Impacts to Birds

Birds are an important part of all ecosystems and act as strong indicators of environmental health.  In addition to legal responsibilities to comply with protecting and conserving birds, it is in society’s best interest to prevent further impacts to birds or the habitats upon which they depend.  Human activities are the biggest driver of bird population declines.  The Migratory Bird Program is working with federal, state, industry, and bird conservation groups to find innovative ways to reduce impacts to birds and implement strategic habitat conservation strategies to ensure bird population persistence.

The Migratory Bird Program is developing, or already has developed recommendations, guidance, and other tools to help project proponents reduce impacts to birds and their habitats.  The information, tools, and training provided by the Migratory Bird Program on this webpage strives to improve bird protection and conservation for future generations.

Avian Knowledge Network Histogram Tools


(In Development) This will be a list of standard Conservation Measures that can be employed at all construction projects nationwide. 
These will be simple, low to no cost measures that will help to protect all birds and their resources regardless of the type or location of the activity



Building Glass and Lighting Measures by Expert Workgroup (In Development)


US Fish & Wildlife Service Communication Tower Guidance


Reducing Avian Collisions with Power Lines: State of the Art in 2012 (website for purchase)

Suggested Practices for Avian Protection on Power Lines: The State of the Art in 2006

Additional Information and Guidance


Federal Highways Wildlife Protection Measures


US Fish & Wildlife Service Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines

US Fish & Wildlife Service Wind Energy Website


US Fish & Wildlife Service 2012:  Management of Oil and Gas Activities on National Wildlife Refuge System Lands



BLM Instructions Memorandum Policy: 

Best Management Practices (BMP) for reducing the risk of
direct wildlife mortality from the following five fluid mineral practices

1. Open Pits and Tanks Containing Freestanding Liquids;
2. Chemical Tank Secondary Containment;
3. Pit, Tank, and Trench Entrapment Hazards;
4. Exhaust Stacks; and
5. Wire Exclosure Fences for Well Pads or Production Facilities and Associated Rights-of-way.

BLM Measures for Minimizing Avian Impacts from Mining Claim Markers


National Park Service Universal Outdoor Lighting Guidelines (In Development)


US Fish & Wildlife Service Bald Eagle Conservation Measures


NOAA Fisheries Seabird Conservation Measures for Commercial Fishing


Migratory Bird Conservation: A Trust Responsibility

Migratory Bird Conservation for Federal Partners 

Avian Knowledge Network Histogram Tools
Frequency of Observed Bird Species Occurrences by Region, State, or County

The Avian Knowledge Network (AKN) Histogram Tool is currently available for 32 states within the continental United States.
The AKN Histogram Tool aggregates bird-monitoring (point-count, area search, distance sampling, transect sampling, nest success), bird-banding, and broad-scale citizen science data, and new datasets are being added to the AKN annually. All of these data are described and maintained
using a common schema http://www.birdscanada.org/birdmon/default/resources.jsp  

The results can help users determine the best times of year to conduct activities or implement best management practices to avoid and minimize impacts to bird species of concern that are known to occur within a project or activity area. To query the data and view histogram results use the links below.

California Avian Data Center AKN Histogram Tool

Eastern Avian Data Center AKN Histogram Tool Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode island, Vermont, West Virginia)

Eastern Avian Data Center AKN Histogram Tool Southeast Region (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)

Midwest Avian Data Center AKN Histogram Tool  Midwest Region (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin)



Last updated: October 8, 2014