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Conserving the Nature of America

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.

Timeline of Federal Actions

 

Close up of gray wolf laying in snow.

Photo courtesy of the National Park Service

 

March 14, 2019

Proposed Rule to Delist the gray wolf in the lower 48 states (except the Mexican wolf subspecies) due to recovery.

 

 

Feb. 20, 2015

Federal Register: Reinstatement of Final Rules for the Gray Wolf in Wyoming and the Western Great Lakes in Compliance With Court Orders Adobe PDF Icon

 

 

Dec. 19, 2014

Due to a Federal court decision, wolves in the western Great Lakes area were put back on the list of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife, effective December 19, 2014.

 

Litigation Statement.

 

June 13, 2013

Proposed delisting of the gray wolf throughout the United States and Mexico, while maintaining protection for the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) in the Southwest.

 

Federal Register Proposed Rule Adobe PDF Icon | News Release

 

 

Feb. 12, 2013

Litigation on 2011 Wolf Delisting (Western Great Lakes DPS) 

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Statement | Complaint Filed by the Humane Society of U. S. (and others) (60-page Adobe PDF Icon)

 

 

Dec. 28, 2011

Final Rule to Delist the Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment

 

Federal Register Final Rule Adobe PDF Icon | News Release | Questions and Answers | USFWS Role After Delisting | DPS Map | Literature Cited

 

 

Sept. 14, 2011

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Posts Supplementary Materials on Gray Wolf in the Eastern United States

 

News Release

 

 

Aug. 26, 2011

Federal Register Proposed Rule: Comment Period Reopens on Proposal to Delist Western Great Lakes DPS Adobe PDF Icon

 

 

May 5, 2011

Proposal to delist gray wolf Western Great Lakes DPS, remove 29 other states from gray wolf range and announce National Wolf Strategy

 

Federal Register Proposed Rule Adobe PDF Icon | News Release | Questions and Answers | Literature Cited

 

 

September 14, 2010

Federal Register Notice: 90-Day Finding on Petitions To Delist the Gray Wolf in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and the Western Great Lakes Adobe PDF Icon

 

 

September 16, 2009

A court order and settlement agreement restored Endangered Species Act protections for the gray wolf in the western Great Lakes on July 1, 2009; this final rule corrects the gray wolf listing status in our regulations.

 

Federal Register: Final Rule to Reinstate Protections for the Gray Wolf in the Western Great Lakes Adobe PDF Icon

 

 

July 1, 2009

Delisting Withdrawn to Provide Opportunity for Public Comment

 

Signed Settlement Agreement Adobe PDF Icon | Questions and Answers

 

 

April 2, 2009

Final Rule to Delist Gray Wolf Western Great Lakes DPS

 

Federal Register Final Rule Adobe PDF Icon | Summary of Final Rule | Questions and Answers | References

 

 

January 20, 2009

Rahm Emanuel, White House Chief of Staff, issued a memorandum that directed federal agencies to withdraw all regulations that had not been published in the Federal Register so that they can be reviewed and approved by a department or agency head appointed by the President. Therefore, the final rule to delist the Gray Wolf Western Great Lakes DPS (which was announced on Jan. 14) was withdrawn to allow for further review.

 

 

Dec. 12, 2008

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Authority under Section 4(c)(l) of the Endangered Species Act to Revise Lists of Endangered and Threatened Species to Reflect Recent Determinations

 

Department of Interior Solicitor's Opinion in response to Judge's Opinion Adobe PDF Icon

 

 

Dec. 11, 2008

This final rule reinstates Endangered Species Act protection to gray wolves in the upper Midwest (i.e., western Great Lakes states) and northern Rocky Mountains as ordered by the courts as a result of two lawsuits.

 

Federal Register Final Rule Adobe pdf icon

 

 

September 29, 2008

Court ruling places Gray Wolf - Western Great Lakes DPS back under ESA protections

 

Court Ruling | Judge's Opinion Adobe pdf icon

 

 

February 2008

Final Post-delisting Monitoring Plan for Gray Wolves in the Western Great Lakes

 

 

February 8, 2007

Final Rule to Delist the Gray Wolf Western Great Lakes DPS

 

Federal Register Final Rule Adobe pdf icon | Reference List Adobe pdf icon | News Release | Summary | Questions and Answers | Map

 

 

August 9, 2006: Judge rules against the Service in court case brought by the Humane Society of the U.S. and others that challenged permits issued to Michigan and Wisconsin for use of lethal measures to control wolf depredations.

 

 

May 2006: Permits were issued to the Michigan DNR and the Wisconsin DNR to take wolves for depredation control. We were then sued for issuance of those permits. We lost the case and the permits were void. We are appealing the court's decision.

 

 

March 27, 2006

Proposed Rule to Delist the Gray Wolf Western Distinct Population Segment

 

Federal Register Proposed Rule Adobe PDF Icon | Summary | Questions and Answers | DPS Map Adobe PDF Icon | References Adobe PDF Icon

 

Public Hearing Transcipts

Duluth, Minnesota Adobe PDF Icon | Wausau, Wisconsin Adobe PDF Icon | Marquette, Michigan Adobe PDF Icon | Grayling, Michigan: no oral comments were presented

 

 

December 2005

Department of Interior declines to appeal Oregon and Vermont Court decisions

 

 

September 2005

Michigan and Wisconsin Departments of Natural Resources apply for permits to use lethal measures to control depredations

 

 

August 19, 2005

Vermont court ruling overturns 2003 Final Rule and eliminates gray wolf Eastern Distinct Population Segment Adobe PDF Icon

 

 

January 31, 2005

Oregon court opinion overturns 2003 final rule and nullifies the 2004 delisting proposal

 

 

July 21, 2004

Proposal to delist the gray wolf Eastern Distinct Population Segment

 

Federal Register Proposed Rule Adobe PDF Icon | References Adobe PDF Icon | Summary of Proposal | Questions and Answers

 

Transcripts of the public hearings

 

Federal Notice of public hearingsAdobe PDF Icon published Aug. 13, 2004

 

 

April 1, 2003

Final Rule to designate 3 Distinct Population Segments and change the ESA status of the gray wolf throughout most of the lower 48 States

 

Federal Register Final Rule Adobe PDF Icon | Final Rule Summary | Questions and Answers | Reference List Adobe PDF Icon | Eastern Distinct Population Segment Summary

Map of Distinct Population Segments Esablished in 2003 Final Rule

 

 

July 13, 2000

Proposal to change the ESA status of the gray wolf throughout most of the lower 48 States

 

News Release | Federal Register Proposed Rule Adobe PDF Icon | Summary | Questions and Answers | References Adobe PDF Icon

 

Map of the proposed gray wolf "Distinct Population Segments"

 

 

1978: Reclassification of the Gray Wolf in the United States and Mexico, with Determination of Critical Habitat in Michigan and Minnesota (PDF)

 

1974: Gray wolf listed as endangered in the lower 48 States and Mexico

 


 

History of Decline, Protection and Recovery

 

Gray Wolves in the Western Great Lakes States