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Fish and Wildlfe Service Role in Wind Development

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Angston, R. H. W. L (ed.). 2006. Wind, Fire and Water: Renewable Energy and Birds. Proceedings of the British Ornithologists' Union Annual Spring Conference


Barclay, R. M.R., E.F. Baerwald and J.C. Gruver. 2007. Variation in bat and bird fatalities at wind energy facilities: assessing the effects of rotor size and tower height. Canada Journal of Zoology


California Energy Commission. 2002. A Roadmap for PIER Research on Avian Collisions with Wind Turbines in California. Commission Staff Report (69-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Ellison, L.E. 2012. Bats and wind energy-A literature synthesis and annotated bibliography: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1110. 57 p.


Everaert, J. Wind Turbines and Birds in Flanders: Preliminary Study Results and Recommendations. (15-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Everaert, J. and E.W.M. Stienen. Impact of wind turbines on birds in Zeebrugge (Belgium): Significant effect on breeding tern colony due to collisions. JORIS EVERAERT* & ERIC W.M. STIENEN (15-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Ewert, D.N., G.J. Soulliere, R.D. Macleod, M.C. Shieldcastle, P.G. Rodewald, E. Fujimura, J. Shieldcastle, and R.J. Gates. 2005. Migratory bird stopover site attributes in the western Lake Erie basin. Final report to The George Gund Foundation. (71-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Gerson, J. and D. Klute. 2006. Wind Power and Wildlife in Colorado: an Informational Resource Guide (12-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Jain, A. A. Bird and bat behavior and mortality at a northern Iowa windfarm. Master's Thesis. (115-page PDFAdobe pdf icon)


Lott, Keith D., Ohio Department of Natural Resources - Division of Wildlife; Megan Seymour and Bob Russell, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2011. Mapping Pelagic Bird Distribution and Abundance as a Decision-Making Tool for Offshore Wind Turbine Development and Conservation Planning. (115-page PDF; 7.9MB)


Manville, A.M., II. 2005. Bird strikes and electrocutions at power lines, communication towers, and wind turbines: state of the art and state of the science – next steps toward mitigation. Bird Conservation Implementation in the Americas: Proceedings 3rd International Partners in Flight Conference 2002, C.J. Ralph and T. D. Rich, Editors. U.S.D.A. Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-191, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA: 1051-1064


Pryor. S, M. Shahinian and M Stout. 2005. Offshore Wind Energy Development in the Great Lakes: A Preliminary Briefing Paper for the Michigan Renewable Energy Program (29-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Russell, Bob. Diurnal Migration of Birds in the Great Lakes Region (5-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) Report to Congress. 2005. WIND POWER: Impacts on Wildlife and Government Responsibilities for Regulating Development and Protecting Wildlife.


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Birds of Conservation Concern (2002) (105-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)



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Last updated: April 23, 2015