Wind Energy Development
Midwest Region

Midwest Wind Energy Home

Fish and Wildlfe Service Role in Wind Development

Wildlife Concerns

For Developers: What To Do

Resources: How to Avoid Wildlife Impacts

Avian Radar Project


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USFWS Midwest Home

USFWS National Wind Energy Site


Resources for Wind Energy Developers

How to Avoid Wildlife Impacts


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Guidances


Wind turbines in a cow pasture.

Photo Courtesy of the National Renewable Energy Lab

Land-based Wind Energy Guidance

These Voluntary Guidelines serve as a framework for the Service and project proponents to guide coordination, risk assessment, and development of avoidance and mitigation measures.   


Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance

Explains the Service’s approach to issuing eagle "take" permits and provides guidance to applicants and biologists for conservation practices and adaptive management necessary to meet standards required for issuance of permits and compliance with the Eagle Act.


Indiana Bat: Section 7 and Section 10

We developed this guidance to help U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologists assess the impacts of wind energy projects on Indiana bats. We are sharing this guidance with  interested parties as they may find the guidance helpful in understanding the underlying rationale for our impact analyses and for guiding project development to avoid and minimize impacts to Indiana bats.



Locations for proposed wind projects should be assessed for their potential impact on birds and bats before advanced project planning and making final decisions. Depending on the size of the facility and its location, a study may be necessary to characterize use of a site by birds and bats. Because some studies may take up to several years to complete, early involvement of resource agencies, including the Service, is imperative.



Biological Resources Maps - show sensitive areas for bird migration or of high bird concentrations.


Wind Potential Maps



Meeting Results

Results of Meetings about Wind Energy Development and Wildlife


State Specific Information

State Information



Research Results and Study Protocols

Scientific References



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Last updated: April 23, 2015