Wind Energy Development
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Fish and Wildlfe Service Role in Wind Development

Wildlife Concerns

For Developers: What To Do

Resources: How to Avoid Wildlife Impacts

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For Wind Energy Developers


What should you do when considering wind power development?


Flock of ducks taking off from marsh pond.

High-bird concentration areas and known migratory pathways should be avoided as wind farm locations.

Photo by USFWS

The most important step a developer can take is to consult with the Service early in the development of a wind energy project. Early consultation offers the greatest opportunity for avoiding areas where development is precluded or where wildlife impacts are likely to be high and difficult or costly to remedy or mitigate at a later stage. By consulting early, project developers can also incorporate appropriate wildlife conservation measures and monitoring into their decisions about project siting, design, and operation.


The Service does not regulate wind energy development, however, we are the lead agency responsible for safeguarding federally-protected wildlife and administering Federal wildlife protection laws.




  • Depending on the size of the facility and its location, a study may be necessary to characterize use of a site by birds and bats. Because some studies may take up to several years to complete, early involvement of resource agencies, including the Service, is imperative.



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Last updated: April 23, 2015