Branch of Conservation Planning
Midwest Region

See the CCP

The CCP is provided here in portable document format (pdf). You will need Acrobat Reader to view the files; Acrobat Reader is available as a free download from Adobe.

Please Note: The CCP and Summary CCP have not been printed yet and paper copies are not available. The summary describes paper copies as being available in local libraries; this will not be accurate until mid-November.

The CCP is a large document. In an effort to make it convenient for a wide range of computer users, it is offered here as one document with graphics, as one text-only document, and by chapter.

Full CCP / 4.3 MB

Full CCP Lower Resolution Version / 1.6 MB

Summary CCP / 463 KB

By Chapter:

Table of Contents / 129 KB

Chapter 1: Introduction and Background / 637 KB

Chapter 2: The Planning Process / 349 KB

Chapter 3: The Environment / 2.1 MB; low resolution version, 256 KB

Chapter 4: Future Management Direction: Tomorrow's Vision / 650 KB

Chapter 5: Plan Implementation / 493 KB

Appendix A: Environmental Assessment / 503 KB

Appendix B: Glossary / 75 KB

Appendix C: Species Lists / 269 KB

Appendix D: Compliance Requirements / 95 KB

Appendix E: Appropriate Use Determinations / 252 KB

Appendix F: Compatibility Determinations / 914 KB

Appendix G: Bibliography and References Cited / 80 KB

Appendix H: List of Preparers / 60 KB

Appendix I: Mailing List / 71 KB

Where in the Plan Are We?

These are the steps that the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service follows in comprehensive conservation planning; the step that Kirtland's Warbler WMA has reached is highlighted:

  1. Preplanning: Plan the Plan
  2. Initiate Public Involvement and Scoping
  3. Review Vision Statement and Goals and Determine Significant Issues
  4. Develop and Analyze Alternatives, Including the Proposed Action
  5. Prepare a Draft CCP and NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act) Document
  6. Prepare and Adopt Final CCP
  7. Implement Plan, Monitor and Evaluate
  8. Review and Revise the Plan

Kirtland's Warbler Wildlife Management Area Comprehensive Conservation PlanImage shows cover of the Kirtland's Warbler WMA CCP

CCP Completed
Highlights of the CCP
The Wildlife Management Area
For More Information

CCP Completed

The Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) for the Kirtland's Warbler Wildlife Management Area (WMA) was signed on September 10, 2009. Work on the plan began in 2006 and involved representatives of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, the Kirtland's Warbler Recovery Team, and many others.

The CCP describes the management goals for the next 15 years and specifies objectives and strategies for meeting each goal. Like all CCPs, the Kirtland's Warbler WMA plan will be reviewed periodically and revised if changes in the environment or other factors necessitate it.

The CCP has not yet been printed and is only available on this web site in portable document format (pdf). Copies of the CCP and a summary of the CCP will be available by mid-November. When it is printed, copies of the CCP will be available in libraries in the areas where WMA parcels are located.

Highlights of the CCP

The CCP identified two primary approaches to managing Kirtland's Warbler WMA: emulating natural, wildfire-generated jack pine stands and exploring opportunities to exchange land with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and, possibly, the U.S. Forest Service.

Exchanging land with the state and possibly the Forest Service would likely increase the total area of land managed for Kirtland's Warbler, and it would increase management efficiency for federal and state agencies.

Kirtland's Warbler WMA includes 125 separate tracts ranging in size from 2 acres to 600 acres, and many of these tracts are located within larger tracts of land owned by the Michigan DNR. The WMA is managed by Seney NWR, which is located 150 miles from the closest tract and 300 miles from the most distant tract. Travel time between Seney NWR and WMA tracts limits administrative oversight and effectiveness. Management of Kirtland's Warbler WMA is currently accomplished through a cooperative agreement between the Service and the DNR.

In the meantime, the Service intends to focus on greater ecological integrity within managed jack pine stands. Rather than intensively managed jack pine plantations, future management will try to emulate natural conditions at every stage of jack pine ecosystem development.

Different stages of tree development will benefit species ranging from open land birds like the Clay-colored Sparrow, Prairie Warbler and Upland Sandpiper to birds that depend on later stage trees, such as the Red Crossbill, Black-backed Woodpecker and Olive-sided Flycatcher.

The Wildlife Management Area

The Kirtland's Warbler WMA is located throughout eight counties in the northern Lower Peninsula of Michigan.

The WMA was created to benefit the Kirtland's Warbler, an endangered species that breeds primarily in the northern Lower Peninsula of Michigan and several locations in Michigan's Upper Peninsula and in Wisconsin.

Kirtland's Warbler WMA acreage contains jack pine and has the potential for warbler nesting. Management for Kirtland's Warbler involves a combination of direct management and actions via a Memorandum of Understanding with the Michigan DNR. The Service tracts are surrounded by Michigan DNR state forests that are designated to be managed to benefit Kirtland's Warblers.

For More Information

For more information on the Kirtland's Warbler WMA, please e-mail, call or write to staff at Seney NWR:


Phone: 906/586-9851

TTY: 1-800-877-8339 (Federal Relay)

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Seney National Wildlife Refuge
1674 Refuge Entrance Road
Seney, MI 49883

Last updated: June 3, 2016
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