Branch of Conservation Planning
Midwest Region

Horicon and Fox River National Wildlife Refuges Comprehensive Conservation PlanCover of the Horicon NWR CCP

Final CCP Available
Main Points of the Plan
BackgroundFor More Information
Where Are We in the Planning Process

Final CCP Available

The comprehensive conservation plan, or CCP, for Horicon NWR and Fox River NWR was officially approved in February 2007. Limited numbers of the document have been printed and are available by calling the Refuge at 920/387 2658 (TTY: 1-800-877-8339, Federal Relay).

Copies of the CCP Summary were mailed to individuals, local governments and non-government organizations. The CCP is also provided on this website in a variety of formats.

Main Points of the Plan

The CCP outlines an ambitious but achievable course of action for the management of Horicon NWR and Fox River NWR. The following paragraphs describe some of the management priorities the CCP establishes for each Refuge:

Horicon NWR

Marsh Management: Management strategies will try to re-establish a meandering river system flowing through the north end of the Horicon Marsh. Rotational water management will continue on the Main Pool and 16 sub-impoundments to benefit specific Regional Resource Species of Concern.

Upland Habitat Restoration: Refuge staff will restore historic vegetation and create habitat that are lacking in the area. Up to 100 acres of oak savanna will be restored, and between 500 and 1,000 acres of upland grasses will be restored.

Reduced Wildlife-vehicle Collisions on State Highway 49: The CCP outlines physical and education strategies for reducing the loss of wildlife along State Highway 49.

Expanded Recreational Opportunities: The CCP expands the hunting seasons for deer and small game to match the state seasons. The CCP also increases ice fishing opportunities and increases access for education, observation and photography.

Fox River NWR

Habitat Restoration: The Refuge will continue working to restore historic upland habitats as well as maintain fens, sedge meadow and shallow emergent marsh wetlands.

New Recreational Opportunities: Historically, the Refuge has been closed to visitors except during the deer season. The CCP describes additional recreational including a fishing program, new wildlife observation and photography opportunities, and the initiation of an interpretation program. All activities will occur at times that minimize disturbance of migratory birds and other wildlife.


Located in southeastern Wisconsin, Horicon National Wildlife Refuge consists of a vast hemi-marsh surrounded by upland grasses that support more than 223 species of birds and other diverse wildlife. The Refuge hosts visitors, sportsmen, hikers and others interested in learning about wetlands. All visitors can feel the beauty of the outdoors and gain a sense of pride in this distinct Wetland of International Importance.

Comprehensive conservation planning for Horicon NWR also includes planning for Fox River NWR.

For More Information

For more information on Horicon NWR and Fox River NWR, please visit the Refuges' websites or call or write to Horicon NWR Manager Patti Meyers at Horicon NWR:
Phone: 920/387 2658
TTY: 1-800-877-8339 (Federal Relay)
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge
W4279 Headquarters Road
Mayville, WI 53050

Where Are We in the Planning Process?

These are the steps that the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service follows in comprehensive conservation planning; the step that Horicon NWR has reached is highlighted:

  1. Preplanning: Plan the Plan
  2. Initiate Public Involvement and Scoping
  3. Review Vision Statement and Goals and Determine Significant Issues
  4. Develop and Analyze Alternatives, Including the Proposed Action
  5. Prepare a Draft CCP and NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act) Document
  6. Prepare and Adopt Final CCP
  7. Implement Plan, Monitor and Evaluate
  8. Review and Revise the Plan
Last updated: June 3, 2016
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