Fisheries, Midwest Region
Conserving America's Fisheries


Rainbow Trout Mitigation

Currently, the hatchery utilizes about 2 million gallons per day of gravity flow spring water at 54-62°F annual temperature to raise Rainbow Trout, in many of the same ways as it has for over 125 years. The springs allow for the production of over 100,000 pounds of fish and generate about 15 million dollars back into Missouri’s state economy.

Pallid Sturgeon

Neosho National Fish Hatchery contributes to pallid sturgeon species recovery. Endangered pallid sturgeon are bred and the young reared for one year to a length of at least 9 inches before being tagged and released into the lower Missouri River at several different locations where small, lingering populations of these fish still exist.

Endangered Topeka Shiners

As the first federal facility to work with this rare minnow, the Neosho NFH provides space for breeding and rearing in raceways. Our first year of this program produced over 2200 shiners that were released into the wild in Northern Missouri prairie streams.

Endangered Ozark Cavefish

The hatchery also protects the habitat of the endangered Ozark Cavefish, which inhabits one of the springs supplying the hatchery with water. A camera inside the spring box provides live pictures of the Ozark Cavefish in the hatchery Visitors Center.

Endangered Mussels

The Neosho Hatchery provides recovery efforts for threatened or endangered native mussels through partnerships with Missouri State University and the Missouri Department of Conservation. We are currently breeding and rearing fatmucket mussels, and soon, the endangered Neosho mucket.

Host Fish

In order to provide restoration efforts for native mussels, the Hatchery must provide the mussel’s host fish, the freshwater drum, which aids in dispersing the mussel’s eggs. We also raise Orange-spotted sunfish as a commensal breeding partner for our shiner program.


Rainbow Trout Eggs
Rainbow Trout Eggs

Pallid Sturgeons
Pallid Sturgeons

Last updated: July 19, 2016