Ecological Services
Midwest Region



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Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Logo


Habitat Conservation

Project Planning and Permits


The U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the voice for our nation's fish and wildlife resources and their habitats. We work with Federal construction agencies during project planning, permitting, and construction to ensure that impacts to our natural resources are avoided, minimized, and mitigated.

River dredge

Fish and Wildlife Service biologists work with project proponents to design dredging operations that minimize impacts to riverine ecosystems where the dredging occurs and to the terrestrial areas where the dredged material is placed.


Some of the types of Federal projects that we review include highway construction, cell towers, mining, energy development, flood control, and navigation. All of these projects provide public benefits but they can also harm the environment without adequate thought and planning. When fish and wildlife resources are an included perspective during planning, impacts can be eliminated, reduced, and mitigated. For example, impacts from highway construction can be minimized by taking the least destructive alignment, minimizing rights-of-way, and including erosion control measures. The result is cleaner water and more natural areas for fish, wildlife, and us.


If you have questions about our review of specific Federal Projects, please contact our Field Office in the state of interest.


Resources for Project Planners


Bald Eagle



Bird Corridor Maps (Diurnal)





Communication Tower Guidelines

USFWS Guidance: Recommended Best Practices for Communication Tower Design, Siting, Construction, Operation, Maintenance, and Decommissioning (Aug. 8, 2016) Adobe PDF Icon


FCC and FWS: Revisions to FAA Obstruction Marking and Lighting Advisory Circular Adobe PDF Icon


FCC Advisories: Opportunities to Reduce Bird Collisions with Communications Towers While Reducing Tower Lighting Costs (Jan. 6, 2017) Adobe PDF Icon


Information for Planning and Conservation

IPaC is a project planning tool which streamlines the FWS environmental review process


Section 7 Consultation

S7 Technical Assistance - Explains the S7 process and provides a step-by-step tool


Determine if Threatened or Endangered Species are in Your Project Area

Endangered Species State and County Distributions

Information for Planning and Conservation (IPaC)


Wind Energy Development

Midwest Wind Energy Website

National Wind Energy Website

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Guidance


Major regulations we work under




Midwest Ecological Services Home

Last updated: April 9, 2018