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The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.
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Natural Resource Damage Assessment
Grand Calumet River
A major settlement for "the Grand Calumet River / Indiana Harbor Canal and the Nearshore Areas of Lake Michigan" Natural Resource Damage Assessment case was proposed in a consent decree lodged with the Northern District Court of Indiana on August 20, 2004. This settlement is with eight companies and includes a cash payment of $56.3 million; permanent protection of 233 acres of globally rare dune and swale habitats; and $2.7 million to repay Indiana Department of Environmental Management and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) for their damage assessment work.
Grand Calumet River
The Grand Calumet River, originating in the east end of Gary, Indiana, flows 13 miles through the heavily industrialized cities of Gary, East Chicago, and Hammond. The majority of the river's flow drains into Lake Michigan via the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal, sending about one billion gallons of water into the lake per day. The Area of Concern for the Natural Resource Damage Assessment begins 15 miles south of downtown Chicago and includes the east branch of the river, a small segment of the west branch and the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal. Today, 90% of the river's flow originates as municipal and industrial effluent, cooling and process water and storm water overflows. Although discharges have been reduced, a number of contaminants continue to impair the Area of Concern.
The Service's Bloomington Indiana Field Office began work to bring a natural resource damage case for the Grand Calumet River in 1989. In 1996, the Service joined with our Co-trustees, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management and the Indiana Department of Natural Resources and officially initiated a Natural Resource Damage assesssment. Settlement negotiations began in 1997 with nine Potentially Responsible Parties. They are: Atlantic Richfield Company (and ARCO Environmental Remediation, L.L.C.); BP Products North America Inc.; E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company; Exxon Mobile Corporation; GATX Corporation; Georgia-Pacific Corporation; ISPAT-Inland Inc.; United States Steel Corporation; and, LTV Steel Corporation. In 2001, LTV Steel filed for bankruptcy and more than $4 million was paid to the Trustees through the bankruptcy proceedings.
This NRDA settlement grants protection to an additional 233 acres of globally rare dune and swale habitats and some additional GCR riparian / wetland habitats that are valuable for migratory birds. Additional habitat restoration will continue in this area as the trustees work to develop an appropriate sediment management plan to remove or contain approximately 2.5 million cubic yards of contaminated sediments from the river. The contamination associated with these sediments continue to harm all aspects of biota from fish and frogs to migratory birds. We hope that someday this river will fulfill its original functions to support a healthy ecosystem. This agreement meets the statutory requirements to restore, replace, rehabilitate, and/or acquire the equivalent of the lost natural resources.
Grand Calumet River Restoration Fund Council
The Grand Calumet River Restoration Fund (GCRRF) was established by Trust Agreement after settlement with "Industrial Users" in the case "United States of America v. The Sanitary District of Hammond, et al., Civ. Action No. 2:93-CV-225 JM." The purpose of the Fund, as established in the Trust Agreement is to "...address and correct environmental contamination in the Area of Concern, including the cleanup of contaminated sediment and the remediation and restoration of natural resource damages within the Area of Concern....and, more specifically, in and around the West Branch of the Grand Calumet River in the State of Indiana (the "Hammond Reach")." Detailed information about the Fund Council and their can be found on the Indiana Department of Environmental Management website at Grand Calumet River Restoration Fund Council.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Reports and Documents
Some reports are divided into multiple parts due to their size.
Final Restoration Alternatives Development Report (13.6 Mb; 148 pages; .pdf file) for the Grand Calumet River and Indiana Harbor Canal. (December, 2000)
Restoration Compensation Determination Plan (RCDP) (436 Kb; 38 pages; .pdf file) for the Grand Calumet River and Indiana Harbor Canal.
Appendices to the RCDP (200 Kb; 25 pages; pdf file).
An Assessment of Injury to Human Uses of Fishery Resources in the Grand Calumet River and Indiana Harbor Canal, the Grand Calumet River Lagoons, and Indiana Harbor and the Nearshore Areas of Lake Michigan
Sediment Injury Report for the Grand Calumet River, Indiana Harbor Canal, Indiana Harbor, and Near Shore Areas of Lake Michigan
Groundwater Injury Report (562k pdf) Note: Report does not include Figure/Plate images. Download those pdf's below:
Sediment Injury Report downloads:
For further information, contact NRDA Specialist Dan Sparks.
Dan Sparks (NRDA Specialist)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
620 South Walker Street
Bloomington, IN 47403-2121
Phone: (812) 334-4261 Ext. 219 Fax: (812) 334-4273