Midwest Region Conserving the nature of America


Conserving the Nature

of America

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.



U.S. Fish and Wildlife

Service in the Midwest

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you.

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin.
Find a location or office
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Environmental Quality Program in the Midwest

Fish, Wildlife and Environmental Quality

PDF Version


Pair of wood ducks standing on a tree branch over open water.

The Midwest is home to fish and wildlife resources which must have high quality habitat in sufficient quantities to sustain diverse and abundant populations.


Environmental Quality Biologists, working throughout the region, help to insure both quality and quantity by providing specialized expertise in pollution science to identify and prevent adverse effects, and then to restore the environment back to a healthy condition. They are experts in oil and chemical spill response, determining water quality effects on fish and wildlife, determining pesticide effects, and then restoring habitats harmed by pollution. Program activities are integrated with all other Service activities where we work with partners at other state, federal, tribal agencies and private organizations.


The Environmental Quality Program focuses on prevention, identification, and restoration. Fish and wildlife are exposed to harmful chemicals released through a myriad of human activities such as oil spills, industrial and municipal discharges, mining and smelting, pesticides from residential lawns and runoff from agricultural lands, and many others. In addition, fish and wildlife face new threats every day from newly introduced contaminants such as flame retardants, stain repellents, chemical additives, personal care products, and pharmaceuticals. And global climate change may heighten the impacts of pollutants and increase the sensitivity of fish and wildlife to contaminants.


The Environmental Quality Program is unique among Federal agencies as it is the primary Federal program with expertise in fish and wildlife ecotoxicology that does not, generally, exist in other Federal or state agencies. The Program’s expertise, unique authorities, and on-the-ground presence in each state enables it to provide sound scientific information and support to all Service programs and decision-makers, including Refuges, Endangered Species, Migratory Birds, and Fisheries, on behalf of Federal trust resources. It provides these same services to a wide range of Federal and state agencies, tribes, and private organizations.


Federal trust resources for which the Service is primarily responsible are Service lands
(Refuges); federally listed threatened and endangered and candidate species; migratory birds; and interjurisdictional fish.


Program Vision (Why We Do It)

We strive to leave a legacy of fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats free from adverse impacts of environmental contaminants. We pursue this Vision by emphasizing, first, prevention of contamination, then by eliminating them.


Guiding Principles

Principles guiding the Environmental Quality Program in Region 3:


1. Prevent impacts of contaminants to trust resources.
2. Restore trust resources impacted by contaminants.
3. Facilitate other Service program goals.
4. Maximize partnerships.
5. Communicate results, accomplishments, capabilities.


Prioritization of Our Work – (How We Do It)

To help focus our efforts on the highest priority needs, the Program employs several criteria to prioritize our work. Actions are screened through primary criteria: does it address needs of trust resources; does it support, or is it required, by statute or mandate; and does it facilitate our fiduciary responsibility to tribes. Secondary criteria are consideration of the extent to which the action prevents contamination, extent to which the Program can influence final resource management or regulatory decisions, and extent to which it supports a stated objective of another Service program or partner.


Environmental Quality Activities (What We Do)

The Environmental Quality Program engages in a wide range of activities that support our National and Regional Program priorities and goals:




1. Assist to prepare for spills of oil and other hazardous substances to increase awareness.


2. Provide technical assistance to develop water quality criteria by U.S. EPA and step-down State water quality standards to ensure protection of fish and wildlife.


3. Provide technical assistance to U.S. EPA during registration of and labeling of pesticides to prevent/ minimize unintended impacts.


4. Review pesticide use proposals and provide technical assistance to other Service programs (primarily Refuges) as part of the Service’s integrated approach to pest management.


5. Identify potential contaminant concerns for other Service programs to minimize liability when acquiring lands.


6. Participate in consultations with other Federal agencies under the Endangered Species Act for contaminantrelated issues.




1. Provide technical assistance to determine if contaminants pose a threat to Federal trust resources (migratory birds, endangered species, interjurisdictional fish) both on and off Service lands.


2. Plan and implement Natural Resource Damage Assessments in partnership with other State, Federal, and tribal entities - We are currently assessing damages at more than 30 sites in all eight states of Region




1. Plan and implement natural resource restorations resulting from resolution of Natural Resource Damage Assessment cases, typically through settlements, in partnership with State, Federal, and tribal entities – paid for by responsible parties, not the American taxpayer.


2. Provide technical assistance to plan and implement management actions to eliminate or reduce contaminant impacts on and off Service lands, such as impacts resulting from spills or other releases of hazardous substances


Sign warning of contaminated sediment in waterbody.
Program Vitality


1. Develop effective working relationiships with peers, partners, and stakeholders to identify and achieve shared objectives.


2. Provide information to management and policy forums, the scientific community, and the public to inform resource management decisions.


3. Hold ourselves accountable for the efficient and effective use of Program funds and resources.


4. Seek to maintain an adequately sized and highly skilled, experienced, professional, and motivated workforce.


Fact Sheet Created 2008


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