Midwest Region Endangered Species Conserving the nature of America

Endangered Species Program

 

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Endangered Species program is conserving and restoring threatened and endangered species and their ecosystems.

 

 

 

U.S. Fish and Wildlife

Service in the Midwest

 

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you.

 

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin.
Find a location near you »

Running buffalo clover leaves and flower.

Photo by Marci Lininger; USFWS

Running Buffalo Clover (Trifolium stoloniferum)

Status: Endangered

 

Running Buffalo Clover Delisting Proposal News Release

Frequently Asked Questions

 

Running Buffalo Clover
At-A-Glance

 

Listed as endangered June 5, 1987

Listing rule (PDF)

 

Status:

Proposed to be delisted

 

Habitat:

Disturbed bottomland meadows; disturbed sites that have shade during part of each day

 

Lead Region:

3 (Midwest Region)

 

Region 3 Lead Office:

Ohio Field Office

 

Range:

Arkansas, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, West Virginia

 

Running buffalo clover is a perennial plant with leaves divided into 3 leaflets. It is called running buffalo clover because of the stolons, or runners, that extend from the base of erect stems; these stolons are capable of rooting at the nodes to reproduce vegetatively. Flower heads are about 1 inch wide, white, and grow on stems that are 2 to 8 inches long. Each flower head has 2 large opposite leaves below it on the flowering stem. In Ohio, running buffalo clover flowers in May.

 

Running buffalo clover may have depended on bison to periodically disturb areas and create habitat, as well as to disperse its seeds. As bison were eliminated, vital habitat and a means of seed dispersal were lost.

 

Images on Flickr (search for running buffalo clover)


Natural History, Ecology, and Regulatory Information

Species Profile linked to National USFWS website


Fact sheet


Lead Field Office Site - USFWS Columbus Ohio Field Office

 

Recovery

Lost, Found, and now flourishing (a blog post)

 

Running Buffalo Clover 5-Year Review (May 2011) 26-page PDF

 

Running Buffalo Clover 5-Year Review (September 2008) 18-page PDF

 

Running Buffalo Clover Revised Recovery Plan (June 2007) PDF

 

Partner's for Running Buffalo Clover Recovery (an article)

 

Section 7 Consultation and Management

Management Recommendations for Running Buffalo Clover in Ohio

 


Listed Plants

Midwest Endangered Species Home