Midwest Region Endangered Species Conserving the nature of America

Endangered Species Program


The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Endangered Species program is conserving and restoring threatened and endangered species and their ecosystems.




U.S. Fish and Wildlife

Service in the Midwest


The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you.


The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin.
Find a location near you »


Federally-listed Threatened, Endangered, Proposed, and Candidate Species

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For more information about threatened and endangered species in Michigan, contact the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service office at 2651 Coolidge Road, East Lansing, Michigan 48823 (517/351-6274)


Bald Eagle

Bald eagles are no longer protected under the federal Endangered Species Act and Section 7 consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is no longer necessary. However, the bald eagle remains protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act.

Information about Bald Eagles

Information about Eagle Permits and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act


Gray Wolf

Due to a Federal court decision, gray wolves in the western Great Lakes area (including Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin) were relisted under the Endangered Species Act, effective December 19, 2014.


Revised October 2018



Canada lynx

(Lynx canadensis)



Current distribution: A Canada lynx was recently documented in the Upper Peninsula. The counties listed here have the highest potential for Lynx presence: Alger, Baraga, Chippewa, Delta, Dickinson, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Luce, Mackinac, Marquette, Menominee, Ontonagon, Schoolcraft.

Northern forests

Gray wolf

Canis lupus


Alger, Baraga, Chippewa, Delta, Dickinson, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Luce, Mackinac, Marquette, Menominee, Ontonagon, Schoolcraft

Northern forested areas

Indiana bat

(Myotis sodalis)



Allegan, Barry, Bay, Benzie, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Clinton, Eaton, Genesee, Gratiot, Hillsdale, Ingham, Ionia, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent, Lapeer, Leelanau, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Manistee, Mason, Monroe, Montcalm, Muskegon, Oakland, Oceana, Ottawa, Saginaw, St. Joseph, Sanilac, Shiawassee, St. Clair, Tuscola, Van Buren, Washtenaw, and Wayne

Summer habitat includes small to medium river and stream corridors with well developed riparian woods; woodlots within 1 to 3 miles of small to medium rivers and streams; and upland forests. Caves and mines as hibernacula.

Northern long-eared bat

Myotis septentrionalis



Hibernates in caves and mines - swarming in surrounding wooded areas in autumn. Roosts and forages in upland forests during spring and summer.



Kirtland's warbler

Setophaga kirtlandii

=Dendroica kirtlandii



Alcona, Alger, Antrim, Baraga, Chippewa, Clare, Crawford, Delta, Grand Traverse, Iosco, Kalkaska, Luce, Marquette, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon, Schoolcraft

Breeding in jack pine

Piping plover

(Chradrius melodus)


Alger, Alpena, Benzie, Berrien, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Delta, Emmet, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Manistee, Mason, Muskegon, Presque Isle, Schoolcraft

Beaches along shorelines of the Great Lakes

Piping plover

(Chradrius melodus)


Critical Habitat Designated

Alger, Benzie, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Emmet, Iosco, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Mason, Muskegon, Presque Isle,  Schoolcraft

Beaches along shorelines of the Great Lakes

Rufa Red knot

(Calidris canutus rufa)


Only actions that occur along coastal areas during the Red Knot migratory window of MAY 1 - SEPTEMBER 30 for the following counties: 


Alcona, Alger, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Baraga, Bay, Benzie, Berrien, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Delta, Emmet, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Houghton, Huron, Iosco, Keweenaw, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Macomb, Manistee, Marquette, Mason, Menominee, Monroe, Muskegon, Oceana, Ontonagon, Ottawa, Presque Isle, Sanilac, Schoolcraft, St. Clair, Tuscola, Van Buren, Wayne


Only actions that occur in large wetland complexes during the Red knot migratory window of MAY 1 - SEPTEMBER 30 for the following counties: 


Midland, Saginaw, Shiawassee

Coastal areas and large wetland complexes

Whooping crane**

(Grus americanus)

Non-essential experimental population

Allegan, Barry, Berrien, Jackson, Kent, Lenawee, Macomb, Oceana, Ottawa

Open wetlands and lakeshores


Copperbelly water snake

(Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta)



Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Eaton, Hillsdale, St. Joseph

Wooded and permanently wet areas such as oxbows, sloughs, brushy ditches and floodplain woods

Eastern massasauga

(Sistrurus catenatus)


Alcona, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Barry, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Cheboygan, Clare, Clinton, Crawford, Eaton, Emmett, Genesee, Grand Traverse, Hillsdale, Huron, Ingham, Ionia, Iosco, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kalkaska, Kent, Lake, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Mackinac, Macomb, Manistee, Mason, Missaukee, Montcalm, Montmorency, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oakland, Oscoda, Presque Isle, Saginaw, St. Joseph, Shiawassee, Van Buren, Washtenaw, Wayne



Hine's emerald dragonfly

(Somatochlora hineana)



Alcona, Alpena, Mackinac, Menominee, Presque Isle

Spring fed wetlands, wet meadows and marshes; calcareous streams & associated wetlands overlying dolomite bedrock

Hungerford's crawling water beetle

(Brychius hungerfordi)



Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Crawford, Emmet, Montmorency, Oscoda, Otsego, Presque Isle

Cool riffles of clean, slightly alkaline streams; known to occur in five streams in northern Michigan.

Karner blue butterfly

(Lycaeides melissa samuelis)




Allegan, Ionia, Kent, Lake, Mason, Mecosta, Monroe, Montcalm, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oceana

Pine barrens and oak savannas on sandy soils and containing wild lupines (Lupinus perennis), the only known food plant of larvae.

Mitchell's satyr

(Neonympha mitchellii mitchellii)


Barry, Berrien, Branch, Cass, Jackson, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, Van Buren, Washtenaw

Fens; wetlands characterized by calcareous soils which are fed by carbonate-rich water from seeps and springs

Poweshiek skipperling

(Oarisma poweshiek)





Critical Habitat

Hillsdale, Jackson, Lenawee, Livingston, Oakland, and Washtenaw

About Poweshiek skipperling critical habitat

Maps of critical habitat in Michigan

Wet prairie and fens



(Pleurobema clava)




Found in coarse sand and gravel areas of runs and riffles within streams and small rivers

Northern riffleshell (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana)




Monroe, Sanilac, Wayne

Large streams and small rivers in firm sand of riffle areas; also occurs in Lake Erie

Rayed Bean

(Villosa fabalis




Oakland, St. Clair



Belle, Black, Clinton and Pine Rivers


(Epioblasma triquetra)



Gratiot, Ionia, Kent, Livingston, Oakland, St. Clair, Washtenaw

Small to medium-sized creeks in areas with a swift current and some larger rivers


American hart's tongue fern

(Asplenium scolopendrium var. americanun = Phyllitis japonica ssp. a.)



Chippewa, Mackinac

Cool limestone sinkholes in mature hardwood forest

Dwarf lake iris

(Iris lacustris)


Alpena, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Delta, Emmet, Mackinac, Menominee, Presque Isle, Schoolcraft

Partially shaded sandy-gravelly soils on lakeshores

Eastern prairie fringed orchid

(Platanthera leucophaea)


Bay, Cheboygan, Clinton, Eaton, Genesee, Gratiot, Huron, Livingston, Monroe, Saginaw, St. Clair, St. Joseph, Tuscola, Washtenaw, Wayne

Mesic to wet prairies and meadows

Houghton's goldenrod

(Solidago houghtonii)


Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Crawford, Emmet, Kalkaska, Mackinac, Presque Isle, Schoolcraft

Sandy flats along Great Lakes shores

Lakeside daisy

(Hymenoxy acaulis var. glabra)



Dry, rocky prairie grassland underlain by limestone

Michigan monkey-flower

(Mimulus michiganesis)


Benzie, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Emmet, Leelanau, Mackinac

Soils saturated with cold flowing spring water; found along seepages, streams and lakeshores

Pitcher's thistle

(Cirsium pitcheri)


Alcona, Alger, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Benzie, Berrien, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Delta, Emmet, Grand Traverse, Huron, Iosco, Leelanau, Mackinac, Manistee, Mason, Muskegon, Oceana, Ottawa, Presque Isle, Schoolcraft, Van Buren

Stabilized dunes and blowout areas

Small whorled pogonia

(Isotria medeoloides)



Dry woodland; upland sites in mixed forests (second or third growth stage)


**Whooping Crane - A nonessential experimental population of the whooping crane was designated in a 20-state area of the eastern United States in 2001. The first release of birds occurred in Wisconsin in 2001, and the counties listed are those where the species has been observed. For purposes of section 7 consultation, this species is considered as a proposed species, except where it occurs within the National Wildlife Refuge System or the National Park System, where it is treated as a threatened species.

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