Midwest Region Endangered Species Conserving the Nature of America


Endangered Species Program


The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Endangered Species program is conserving and restoring threatened and endangered species and their ecosystems.




U.S. Fish and Wildlife

Service in the Midwest


The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you.


The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin.
Find a location near you »


A Kirtland's warbler in a tree

Kirtland's warbler in Michigan.

Photo by Jim Hudgins/USFWS


Kirtland’s warbler census shows once-endangered songbird continues to thrive


State and federal agencies and droves of volunteers have partnered to count Michigan’s Kirtland’s warbler population. The agencies recently announced that surveys conducted in June show the small songbirds have continued to flourish since their October 2019 removal from the federal list of endangered species.


“The power of partnership continues to yield excellent results for the Kirtland’s warbler after coming off the endangered species list,” said U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Regional Director Charlie Wooley. “Recovery of this beloved species required a strong, creative set of partners, and that spirit continues into the future with agencies, organizations and private entities working together locally, nationally and internationally. I’m confident this strong partnership will secure the long-term future of this bird.”


With the June survey results now tallied, the Kirtland’s warbler global population is estimated at 2245 pairs, which is more than double the 1,000-pair recovery goal for the species – which has been exceeded over each of the past 20 years.


Learn More >>

Kirtlands Warbler >>




Service proposes delisting 23 species from Endangered Species Act due to extinction



A Preserved Scioto Madtom

A preserved Scioto Madtom

Photo courtesy of The Ohio State University


The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to remove 23 species from the Endangered Species Act (ESA) due to extinction. Among the species proposed for delisting is the Scioto madtom, a small, nocturnal species of catfish found in a small section of the Big Darby Creek, a tributary of the Scioto River, in Ohio. Based on rigorous reviews of the best available science for each of these species, the Service has determined these species are extinct, and thus no longer warrant listing under the ESA.



Scioto Madtom >>

Regional Press Release >>

National Press Release >>

Running buffalo clover saved from extinction -- Service removes eastern plant from list of endangered species



Running buffalo clover flower

Running buffalo clover

Photo by Marci Lininger; USFWS

Running buffalo clover, a perennial plant native to parts of the eastern U.S. and once thought to be extinct, is thriving and is now considered recovered. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is pleased to announce a final rule removing Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections for the species.


“The recovery of the running buffalo clover is a great example of the success of conservation partnerships,” said Charles Wooley, regional director of the Service’s Great Lakes Region. “We applaud the efforts of our state, federal and private conservation partners who came together to ensure its long-term future and who persevered in searching for and discovering new populations.”


Running Buffalo Clover >>

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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reopens public comment period on proposal to list two Missouri crayfishes as threatened under the Endangered Species Act



A big creek crayfish

A Big Creek Crayfish

Photo by Missouri Dept of Conservation


On April 27th, 2021, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will reopen a public comment period on a proposed rule to list two species of Missouri crayfish, the Big Creek and St. Francis River crayfish, as threatened under the Endangered Species Act . The proposed rule originally published in the Federal Register on September 17, 2020. Reopening the comment period allows the agency to host a virtual public information session and an associated public hearing on this matter.



Crayfish >>

Learn More >>

Public Meeting/Hearing Presentation >>

Public Hearing Video (67mb) >>

Full Length Public Meeting Transcript >>

Official Public Hearing Transcript >>

Missouri population of eastern hellbender listed as endangered



A biologist holds a hellbender


The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has listed the Missouri distinct population segment of the eastern hellbender as endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Endangered species are those that are in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of their range.


While eastern hellbenders in other parts of the United States are not facing extinction, populations in Missouri are geographically and genetically distinct, meriting separate consideration under the ESA.



Eastern Hellbender >>

Learn More >>


Trump Administration Returns Management and Protection of Gray Wolves to States and Tribes Following Successful Recovery Efforts

A gray wolf lays in the grass

A gray wolf

Photo by USFWS


More than 45 years after gray wolves were first listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the Trump Administration and its many conservation partners are announcing the successful recovery of the gray wolf and its delisting from the ESA. U.S. Secretary of the Interior David L. Bernhardt was at the Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge to announce that state and tribal wildlife management agency professionals will resume responsibility for sustainable management and protection of delisted gray wolves in states with gray wolf populations, while the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) monitors the species for five years to ensure the continued success of the species. 



Gray Wolf >>

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Service proposes to list two species of Missouri crayfish as threatened under the Endangered Species Act



A St. Francis River Crayfish in a stream

St. Francis River Crayfish

Photo courtesy Chris Lukhaup, Missouri Department of Conservation


We at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service invite you to learn more about our recent proposal to list the Big River crayfish and the St. Francis River crayfish as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. An online presentation provides an explanation of why the species were proposed, how the crayfishes would be protected and more detailed information on where they occur.


Learn more about our proposal to list the Big River crayfish and St. Francis River crayfish.


Frequently Asked Questions>>

Additional Information>>

First News Release >>

Second News Release >>


News Archive






What We Do

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for administering the Endangered Species Act. To fulfill our responsibilities, we do the following:


Candidate Conservation: identify and assess declining species that may need Endangered Species Act protection and take steps to conserve those species.


Listing: take steps to list candidate species as endangered or threatened and designate critical habitat. We also remove species from the Threatened and Endangered Species List ("delist") when they no longer need Endangered Species Act protection.


Recovery: protect, conserve and restore listed species. Recovery Report to Congress: 2009 to 2010 (PDF 3.1MB)


Section 7 Technical Assistance

Section 7 consultation guidance for Federal agencies and their applicants (i.e., project proponents).

Section 7 Consultation: all Federal agencies have a responsiblity to conserve threatened and endangered species and to ensure that their actions do not jeopardize the existence of any listed species. Under the authority of Section 7 of the Act, we consult with Federal agencies to help them fulfill their obligations.


Permits: issue permits to "take" listed species, under certain conditions.


Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs): work with Incidental Take permit applicants to help them prepare HCPs that minimize and mitigate the effects of their incidental take.


Grants: provide grants to States under Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act. These funds may, in turn, be awarded to private landowners and groups for conservation projects.


State Field Offices

We have Ecological Services Field Offices in each of the eight upper Midwest States. For project reviews, Section 7 consultation, or information about endangered species that you do not find on this site, please contact the Field Office in your state.



“Nothing is more priceless and more worthy of
preservation than the rich array of animal life with
which our country has been blessed. It is a many faceted
treasure, of value to scholars, scientists,
and nature lovers alike, and it forms a vital part
of the heritage we all share as Americans.”


Bloom of the prairie bush clover.  Photo by USFWS: Phil Delphey