Endangered Species
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Niangua darter (Etheostoma nianguae)


Niangura darter


Status:Threatened, listed June 12, 1985


Habitat: Clear, medium-sized streams that run off hilly areas underlain by chert and dolomite.


Lead Region: 3


Region 3 Lead Office: Columbia ES, Missouri Field Office


Range: Missouri


Niangua Darter Critical Habitat designated June 12, 1985

Missouri: Critical habitat has been designated in Big Tavern Creek, Miller County; Brush Creek, Cedar and St. Clair Counties; Niangua River, Dallas County; and Pomme de Terre River, Greene County.


Niangua darters are small fish native to the Ozark Highlands of Missouri. They live in clear Ozark creeks and small rivers draining hilly areas. Most of the year they occupy shallow pools and runs that have a slight to moderate current and silt-free, gravelly bottoms. The decline of this species is due to habitat loss from the construction of reservoirs, disruption of stream channels and runoff from livestock production.


- excerpted from the Missouri Department of Natural Resources Fact Sheet. Additional natural history information available from the Final Rule to List as Threatened


Niangua Darter Five-Year Review (2014) 16-page PDF Adobe PDF Icon


Species Profile (links to National U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service web pages)


USFWS Fact sheet


Missouri Department of Conservation Fact Sheet



Recovery Actions

Niangua Darter Five-Year Review (2014) 16-page PDF Adobe PDF Icon


Article: Niangua Darter; Improving Streams for Species Recovery


Fish Passage in the Ozark Highlands of Missouri (June 2012)


Streambank Stabilization Project Aids Niangua Darter in Missouri (January 2012)


Construction Begins! Moving forward to improve fish passage for Niangua darters in Dallas County, Missouri (May 2011)


Sequoia Road Bridge Passes Final Inspection (October 2009)


Novel Mitigation Approach to Streams Impact May Benefit Threatened Niangua Darter (March 2007)


New Procedures to Rank Low-water Crossings in Threatened Niangua Darter Range (December 2006)


Niangua Darter Recovery Plan (July 1989) 44-page PDF; 7.5MB


Listed Fish

Midwest Endangered Species Home


Last updated: December 5, 2016